Issue #28 – History of Tie-Dye











Tie-dye become popular in the United States in the 60s and 70s. It was a form of expression for the hippie movement and a form protest during the Vietnam War. The United States were not the first to dye clothes it stated as early as the 6th century in places like China, India, and Africa. Chinese tie-dye is called ‘’zha ran.” They only dyed clothes for priests and the wealthy. The Indian method of dying is called “Bandhani”, they used small points of fabric to make little dots on the cotton. Yoruba woman form west Nigeria dye clothes with an indigo dye which is then stitched with a method called tritik. In Japan they also dye their clothes indigo blue with a method called “Shabori” it is still practiced today.

Spiral Tie-Dye



  1. 100% cotton white shirt
  2. Gloves
  3. Rubber bands
  4. Plastic wrap
  5. Plastic bag
  6. Dye
  7. Scissors




  1. Start with a damp cotton shirt.
  2. Pinch fabric in the middle where the spiral will start. Twist until all fabric is in a spiral shape.
  3. Bind spiral with over lapping rubber bands to create 6 to 8 wedge shapes.
  4. Apply dye to wedge shapes and repeat on the other side.
  5. Wrap in plastic wrap and put into a plastic bag.
  6. Let sit 4-8 hours or overnight for the most vibrant colors.
  7. After you let it sit, rinse in cold water until almost clear and then cut the rubber bands.
  8. Rinse until completely clear.
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Issue #27 – Styles of Castles

Whether if you reading a storybook or seeing a castle in real life, it’s pretty amazing to see what goes on inside a castle.  The King and Queen have a pretty big responsibility when it comes to watching over the castle.  Along with the people who are watching over the castle. Along with the poeple who are inside it like the knights or guards who are watching the King and Queen as well.  





Everyone has a responsibility when it comes to being inside the castle.  When we are talking about castles, there are many kinds of castles as well, even some that were built before medieval times. For everyone’s safety, castles were even made out of stone.  Castles were made out of this material because it was a way to prevent bad people from breaking and destroying the castle.    





People were able to stand on top of the roof of castles in a way to watch out for the enemies coming to attack them.  It was also a way for them to plan what to do when they go and attack the enemies.  Whether it would be using a catapult or another type of weapon to defeat the enemies. Another way of how they can defend themselves is by creating a moat to make it harder for the enemies to enter into the castle.


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Issue #27- Interview With David Marquardt

  1. What was your inspiration that lead you to a career in photography? I originally did video work and went to Film school at USC. Decided against internship at various production companies in Hollywood and got a video camera, told people what I was doing and just went into the actual trade. As I gained clients and got work, the clients for video production always needed photography more than video. I was always bringing in Photographers and one of the clients was annoyed with this and said “why don’t we just get you a camera and have you do the shots” So it started, I reluctantly became a photographer, sometimes you are better at something so don’t really want to do more than what you actually want to do.
  2. Was photography a subject you were always interested in? No, it was video production, photography was something I just fell into and realized that I was good at it and made more money being a photographer. 
  3. What advice would you give to someone perusing a career in photography? My experience has been to just take photos. Studying it is also important, but hands on is the best way to learn. Know what you like and find what works. Find the gap between what you’re doing and what you’re seeing. Learn the different techniques and find out what works.
  4. As a photographer what key features of a structure are you looking for? Depends on who I am shooting for. The client lets me know the area of focus of the structure aka the focal point.
  5. How much does professional photography influence a buyer’s decision when buying? A lot! A great photo will get them in the door. Sometimes a good photo can make a house look better than it actually is, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing because it can give the buyer an idea of the potential of that particular home. Some buyers have bought a house sight unseen just because the pictures where so good. 
  6. What percent of your photography requires post-production techniques? 100%
  7. What techniques are the most commonly used? There are basic rules to Architectural Photography, it’s less about being creative and more about “as is”. Sharp lines and balance. Vertical lines must be straight on, so the lines don’t change. Tripods are used for this precision.
  8. How much creative control do you have setting up furniture and accessories before an interior shoot? Again, this depends on whom I am shooting for. Say for instance interior designers, they have everything set up and all they need is a picture of it. In Real Estate sometimes the home needs to be rearranged or the clutter inside the house needs to be cleared away. 
  9. In your photography career, what job or location was most challenging to you? Anything where the expectations are high and when there are lots of windows with dark furniture.
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Issue #26 – Different Styles of Cameras

Circles Magazine took pictures of cameras,
how they look now and how they looked in decades past.
Cameras can be traced much further back than the introduction
of photography. Photography cameras started with the camera
obscura, that continued with daguerreotype and developed into
the 35mm film camera’s to the modern digital cameras, research
shows that most cameras that are sold today are digital.
The very first digital camera was built back in December 1975,
by an engineer name Steve Sassoon of Eastman Kodak. The Casio
QV-10 is the very first consumer digital camera. It followed in the
footsteps with Apple Quick take 100 and 150. It was introduced
in 1995.


Olympus Auto Eye 101 (1958)                      Kodak Retina Reflex (1961)

Pentax K1000 (1976)                                            Yashica FX-70 (1979)

Canon T-50 (1983)

                                                                                                                                            Sony Evolution

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Issue #26 – Treasures From The Past – Treasure Hunt Game

Going to a Thrift Store is a lot like going on treasure hunt. You find so many different surprises! You many find anything from 50’s style china to 8-track, cassettes and vinyl records. Just like going to a thrift store… you just take your time and look for the good stuff. check the boxes to the left when you find the item below. 

Basketball                            Typewriter                    ceramic turkey           Wallabee Shoes


Rome sign                        Skull         Mannequins with Polka Dot/ Black Dresses Vinyl Records

House of Bargains sign    Bookshelves/ Books  Retro Couches        Video Cassette Player

The pair of Elmo’s Growing with music/ Clark Gable Books Birds/ Pumpkins in a Basket Fruit and Wine Painting


Transitions Group    Shelves of Women’s Shoes 8 Track/ Cassettes     Old Ultrasound Machine


Mary – Owner of House of Bargains Thrift Store Retro Glass Tray Shoe Painting   Fish Bottle/ Glasses


Rack of Belts                China Set                       Retro Red Jacket  Kodak Slide Player.




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Issue #26 – Video Games Old and New




James Hilsman – This is my opinion on video games in general I wish they
were the way they were back in the day, I miss the times where people
would just have fun playing games no matter the system. Many people say
you should get this system or this system is better than this system as
long as you have fun playing games it should not matter the system. I see
some reasons why people say different systems are better. I love new generation
games and systems but there’s nothing like playing classic games.

Jason Dandoy – I’m not much of a gamer but the game was good and
the graphics were good, it was fun and a little bit challenging. I enjoyed
Quinton Giles – Super Mario Maker was really cool, I liked how you can
make your own levels and that you can use any character or background
you want, and that you can make it easy or hard.
Jeremy Holland – What I like about the Super Mario Brothers game is
the cool effects that are in this game. The kind of action in this game
makes it even cooler. The sound effects make the game interesting and
exciting. It’s definitely the game to play if you like video games. I’d
give it two thumbs up.




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Issue #26 – Matthew’s Closet


Matthew’s Closet 2000 S. Maryland Pkwy.

There are many kind of shelters that people can go to need of food, clothing or maybe a place to stay warm during the coldest seasons throughout the year. The Las Vegas Rescue Mission is an example of one of those places where people can go to if they’re in need of food or clothing.Circles Magazine went to Matthew’s Closet, a place that helps the needy get clothes and they also have a food bank. we interviewed a lady named Mary Zewin who is in charge of Matthew’s closet. Mary even does pick-up donations too.

You can donate to Matthew’s Closet or they have a donation bin at bishop Gorman High School, which is located at the intersection of Russell and Hualapai or you can take donations to the church Food Bank, in the back of the church at 2000 Maryland Parkway. Help of Southern Nevada is where you can get the vouchers for the nicer “work search” clothes. They can use those vouchers to get dress clothes for interviews when looking for a job.

So whenever you have clothes that need to be donated,you can give them to Matthew’s Closet. they will be able to  accept clothing,and toys that you donate.

How many donations do you give a year? We average about 150 a week.

How long has Matthew’s Closet been operating?

20 Years.

How Many Homeless people do you clothe a Year? About 150 a week we’re open 9:15-11:15 on Thursdays


What is the percentage of homeless people that come in

there 75%

Are you a nonprofit organization? everything is 100% donated.

What is the qualifications on getting the clothes? They are for anybody in need.

Who else do you help other than the homeless? We give to anyone in need.

Do you go to homeless shelters and give clothes there?

No, they stay here

How did you come up with the name Matthew’s Closet?

The name comes from the bible.

How do you keep track of how many people go in there?

We use numbers from the food bank.

Have you had to turn anybody down before?

We never turn anyone away for any reason, even if there is a

size problem, or if they are intoxicated or under the influence of drugs.


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Issue #25 – Veterans Holday



Veterans Day is November 11th and we here are Circles would like to remember our
Veterans by first thanking them for their service to our Nation. We asked them to
tell us what they did on the holidays while deployed around the world.

U. S. Navy Veteran Operations Specialist Dennis Cripe
Dennis served in the Navy from 1965 to 1974 during the Vietnam
conflict, he was stationed on the U.S.S. Askari and he tells
us that the holiday aboard the ship were much like those at
home with the exception of 300 other sailors at the dinner table
normal to have Turkey and dressing with all the trimmings.
Dennis’ favorite carol is “Oh Holy Night” and his favorite
holiday movie is “Miracle on 34th Street”.

U. S. Navy Veteran Second Class Petty OfficerScott McAuliffescott-article-pic
Scott was deployed in the Persian Gulf during Operation
Praying Mantis from 1986 to 1989. Scott says that while he
was deployed in there he didn’t get to see his family or friends
during the holidays but, enjoyed a traditional holiday dinner
on the U.S.S. Merrill with his fellow sailors. He says that he
missed the home cooked holiday meals, but received cards,
letters and cookies from home. His favorite carol is “Jingle Bell
Rock and his favorite holiday movie is “A Christmas Story”.

juan-article-picU. S. Marine Veteran Lance Corporal Juan Jimenez
Juan was deployed stateside in Camp Pendleton, CA., The
Marine Corps Recruiting Depot in San Angelo, Texas and
Goodfellow Air Force Base in Crestview. Florida. Even though
Juan was stateside he still missed his family and friends while
deployed and received cards and letters from them during
the holidays, he says he was always working and had little
downtime. His favorite carol is “Mele Kalikimaka” and his
favorite holiday movie is “A Mickey Mouse Christmas”.






















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Issue #25 – KWANZAA



In 1966, professor and chairman of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach, Dr. Maulana Karenga, created Kwanzaa. He searched for ways to bring African-Americans together as a community, After the Watts riots in Los Angeles. He founded US, a cultural organization, and started to research African-Americans “first fruit” (harvest) celebrations. Karenga combined aspects of several different harvest celebrations, such as those of the Ashanti and those of the Zulu, to form the basis of Kwanzaa.
Kwanzaa comes from the phrase “matunda ya kwanza” which in Swahili means “first fruits”. Families celebrates Kwanzaa in its own way, but celebrations often include songs and dances, African drums, storytelling, poetry reading, and a large traditional meal. On each of the seven nights, A child from the family lights one of the candles on the candleholder (known as Kinara), then the family will discuss one of the seven principles and what they mean. The seven principles are values of African culture which contribute to building and reinforcing community among African-Americans. There are also has seven basic symbols in Kwanzaa which represent values and concepts reflective of African culture. Karamu is an African feast held on December 31.
Omiyale Jubé, came from Harlem 40 years ago she grew up celebrating Kwanzaa and she wanted to bring the African culture to Las Vegas .She explained it to the Circles Magazine crew to make simpler to understand :
The colors of Kwanzaa are red, black and green and each of these colors represent specific parts of the Kwanzaa celebration. Kwanzaa begins on December 26th and is 7 days long ending on January 1st. Traditionally a central place in the home is chosen and a table is set up and covered with an African cloth known as the mkeka (mat) and all the other symbols are placed on the mkeka. We start with the Kinara (candle holder), then the seven candles known as the Mishumaa Saba are placed into the kinara. The seven candles include one black candle representing unity of the people and is called Umoja and is placed in the center of the kinara. To three red candles are placed to the left of the black candle and they represent Kujichajulia (self-determination), Ujamaa (cooperative economics) and Kuumba (creativity). Then to the right of the Umoja are three green candles representing Ujima (collective work and responsibility), NIa (purpose) and Imani (faith). The black candle is lit first on the first day of the celebration. And the remaining candles are lit afterwards from left to right on the following days. This procedure is to indicate that the people come first, then the struggle and then the hope that comes from the struggle.
And then the mazao (crops), and ears of corn are also placed on the mkeka. At least two ears of corn are placed down on the mat regardless of whether there are children in the immediate family or not for the children of the community belong to all of us and every adult in African tradition is considered an immediate or social parent. Next the kikombe cha umoja (the Unity cup) is then placed on the mkeka (mat). It is used to pour tambiko (libation) to the ancestors in remembrance and honor of those who paved the path down which we walk and who taught us the good, the Tamshi and the beautiful in life. Then African art objects and books on the life and culture of African people are also placed on or next to the mat to symbolize our commitment to heritage and learning.kwanzaa-pic2

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Issue #25 – Holiday App Mayhem


Top 5 Holiday Apps

This Holiday season don’t get stuck in the cold! We put together the perfect combination of holiday apps to
get you through the winter mayhem. We carefully selected 5 applications that you can download for free to
your phone or tablet, let’s get started!


Wish List – Wish l!st is your personal wishlist companion. The app allows you to manage all the
items you want to buy by adding them to your wishlist. Wish l!st is great while shopping by
always having your wishlist with you. With the gift list feature you can mark items as gift idea
and share your gift list with your friends, family or maybe Santa. This makes Wish l!st the ideal
app for creating a Christmas list, birthday list or any other special events. Wish l!st can sort your
items by fields like category, priority or price. You can also track your purchased items in the
purchased list for a overview of your spending’s in the past.

Jet – This must-have online shopping app offers deals, savings, and amazing prices on the items
you buy. Get savings, deals, and wholesale prices on grocery, electronics, health & beauty
items, baby, pet supplies, home & garden, furniture, and more! ** Take 15% off your first 3
orders with promo code TRIPLE15. **


eventbriteEventbrite – Discover popular local events, get event recommendations just for you, and see
which events your friends are going to! Get tickets and quickly access all of your Eventbrite
tickets and event information from your Android device. Find something new to do — concerts,
festivals, classes, conferences, free events and more — right in the palm of your hand.



tripitTripIt – The simplest way to combine your various travel emails into an itinerary is with TripIt,
which has a clean, easy-to-read interface. Register for the service and from then on, whenever
you receive a confirmation email — from an airline, hotel, car rental company or booking service
like OpenTable, StubHub and Fandango — TripIt will automatically import your plans from
your inbox, creating an itinerary with details like confirmation numbers, flight gates and hotel
addresses. If you don’t want to automatically import your plans, just forward your confirmation
emails to instead. Either way, you can view your itinerary on your smartphone
or tablet (through the app and on your calendar if you enable “calendar sync”) and on
the web (so if you still want to print it, you can). And you can share your itinerary with friends,
family and social media followers. Relish quantification? You’ll enjoy visiting the website and
seeing how many miles you’ve traveled.


spotifySpotify – Spotify is now free on mobile and tablet. Listen to the right music, wherever you are.
With Spotify, you have access to a world of music. You can listen to artists and albums, or create
your own playlist of your favorite songs. Want to discover new music? Choose a ready-made
playlist that suits your mood or get personalized recommendations.


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