Issue #32 – How To Respect Animals

All animals should be respected with loving owners that will be dedicated to their wellbeing. There are many different ways to care for your pet’s needs. This is includes their diet, exercise, and proper training. Feeding your pet’s healthy food will keep them fit and happy for a long healthy life. Socializing your pets is always a great idea. Having your pet interact with other animals and people. This will keep your dog active and friendly when entering different environments. Making sure your pets has annual check-ups with a vet is a must. Micro-chip your pet is an easy way to relocate them in case they are lost. Taking your pets to the groomers to get their nails clipped and bathed is recommended. Most of the times they put bows on their little ears that make them oh so cute.


  • Run your dog up and down the stairs.

  • Set up obstacle courses.

  • Make your dog work for its treats.

  • Keep away and fetch.

  • Take a socialized outing

  1. Check labels for nutritional value

  2. Avoid feeding shelf-stable foods as a staple diet

  3. Introduce fresh whole foods

  4. Feed a variety of ingredients rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties


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Issue #32 – History of Animal Crackers



Animal crackers have been a childhood snack for all kinds of people and can make us feel nostalgic. Many of us eat them to this day. You can eat them in different ways like, dipping them in your milk, coffee, or even cover them in chocolate. There are several brands that sell animal crackers. We ha

ve Stauffer’s animal crackers which comes in original and chocolate gram flavor. You can buy the 24 oz. or the 46 oz. Original Animal Crackers in a cute bear jug. Mother’s brand made the frosted animal cookies that we loved growing up since 1914 but when the company went bankrupt Kellogg bought the company and kept the cookies alive.  Barnum makes the animal crackers that come in the circus themed box. Believe it or not the strings at the top of the boxes were for decorating the tree for the holiday season not to be used as a handle.

Now the circus boxes have a cardboard handle instead of a string. April 18 is recognized as National Animal Cracker Day so save your appetites to eat lots and lots of animal crackers.

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Issue #32 – Lion Habitat Ranch





Located at
382 Bruner Ave. in
Henderson, NV 89044

When we arrived at the Lion Habitat Ranch we were met by Samantha Thomas who is an animal specialist at the ranch. She gave us a friendly  greeting and a great tour of the facility. She started the tour with the emus and ostriches, and pointing out the ostrich eggs that were freshly laid that morning. We then moved on to the lions, they have about 40 lions among other animals throughout the facility. We were told that the lions they work with on a daily basis consume an enormous amount of food. Male lions tend to eat about $10000.00 worth of food a year, while females eat about $8000.00 worth. Also on the premises are several exotic birds including macaws and cockatiels, who are happy to greet you when you walk by. Another fixture at the ranch is Ozzy the giraffe, who is friendly and talented, visitors are invited to feed him. He also is famous for his painted t-shirts and canvases that are sold in the gift shop to help with the costs of running the ranch.


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Issue #32 – Clark County Wetlands Park

Wildlife consists of

  • Birds– the most common wildlife in the park, birds range in size from the golden eagle with its six-foot wingspan to the tiny black-chinned hummingbird.


  • Mammals– the park makes life easier for many desert species. Animals like coyote are found in greater numbers, drawn by water and prey.


  • Fish– the park is home to a number of fish species, none of which are native to southern Nevada. Some, like the mosquitofish, were introduced because they eat mosquito larvae and help control mosquito populations.


  • Amphibians & Reptiles- a wide range of amphibians and reptiles great home in the park. Some live in ponds and streams, like the large spiny soft shelled turtles that like to sun themselves on rocks in the preserve streams and ponds and the wash, especially during the warmer weather.


  • Invertebrates– at the park, the world’s smallest creatures are well established in the habitats, helping to provide a balance to biodiversity and a welcomed food source for birds, animals, and other insects.

The wash is a natural water system that was first discovered by only native American Settlers to what is now our ‘’ Las Vegas Valley’’

The wash became perennial stream as a result of the Valley’s waste water reclamation facilities in the 1950’s.

It receives over 180 million gallons of reclaimed water per day.

Four Habitats make up the park

  1. Aquatic– the water-rich aquatic wetlands found within the wash and the park preserve’s network of ponds and streams provide resources for many plant and animal species that might not otherwise survive in the dry desert valley.
  2. Riparian– adjacent to the aquatic habitats found in the park, these verdant ‘’ strips of green’’ provide important food and shelter for wildlife close to water.
  3. Mesquite woodland – further away from the perennial water sources found in the park, these meadows provide natural drainage for the park when hit by flash floods.
  4. Desert Scrub- This is the general habitat of the Mojave Desert, receiving just over four inches of precipitation per year. The plants and animals living here need to be very resilient.

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Issue #31 – Rhythms Dance Studio/Event Center

  1. What year did you open how long have you been in business?

Sin City Salseros has been around since 1999. We have been teaching classes for the last 8 years.


  1. Is the company nationwide?

Our Dance Studio and Dance company is Las Vegas based only. We have 10 dance teams from kids to adults.


  1. Where do you get your clothes from for your dancers?

We order them from companies that specialize in selling costumes or with local tailors or seamstresses that make our desired costume designs.

  1. How many dances do you have?

We teach over 15 different styles of dance at our studio but our teams only perform in salsa and bachata.


  1. What kind of music do you dance to?

Anything and everything, we love it all.


  1. What dance steps are your favorite?

What we call footwork or “solos” it’s when you break away from partner dancing and get to do your own thing.

  1. How long did it take you to learn the dances?

It takes several months to learn basics well and get past being a beginner, but you never stop learning.


  1. Do you do any concerts?

Yes! We are about to host Alex De Leon on May 5th.


  1. How much does your classes cost?

We offer a great deal for new students of $30 for 30 days of unlimited classes. Aside of unlimited class offer, classes range between $10-15






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Issue #31 – Exercise Workout Clothing

In order to get a good workout, proper exercise apparel is a must!  Wearing comfortable clothing (such as nylon & spandex) can make it much easier to get the most out of your workout when stretching and bending is required. Proper foot wear is also imperative to prevent injuries from taking place during a workout routine. A water bottle on hand to keep you hydrated when working up a sweat is always a wise choice. You can find these items at your nearest Sketchers store which carries a variety of high end brand names to suit your athletic needs. Be sure to check out their sales and friendly staff!

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Issue #28 – History of Tie-Dye











Tie-dye become popular in the United States in the 60s and 70s. It was a form of expression for the hippie movement and a form protest during the Vietnam War. The United States were not the first to dye clothes it stated as early as the 6th century in places like China, India, and Africa. Chinese tie-dye is called ‘’zha ran.” They only dyed clothes for priests and the wealthy. The Indian method of dying is called “Bandhani”, they used small points of fabric to make little dots on the cotton. Yoruba woman form west Nigeria dye clothes with an indigo dye which is then stitched with a method called tritik. In Japan they also dye their clothes indigo blue with a method called “Shabori” it is still practiced today.

Spiral Tie-Dye



  1. 100% cotton white shirt
  2. Gloves
  3. Rubber bands
  4. Plastic wrap
  5. Plastic bag
  6. Dye
  7. Scissors




  1. Start with a damp cotton shirt.
  2. Pinch fabric in the middle where the spiral will start. Twist until all fabric is in a spiral shape.
  3. Bind spiral with over lapping rubber bands to create 6 to 8 wedge shapes.
  4. Apply dye to wedge shapes and repeat on the other side.
  5. Wrap in plastic wrap and put into a plastic bag.
  6. Let sit 4-8 hours or overnight for the most vibrant colors.
  7. After you let it sit, rinse in cold water until almost clear and then cut the rubber bands.
  8. Rinse until completely clear.
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Issue #27 – Styles of Castles

Whether if you reading a storybook or seeing a castle in real life, it’s pretty amazing to see what goes on inside a castle.  The King and Queen have a pretty big responsibility when it comes to watching over the castle.  Along with the people who are watching over the castle. Along with the poeple who are inside it like the knights or guards who are watching the King and Queen as well.  





Everyone has a responsibility when it comes to being inside the castle.  When we are talking about castles, there are many kinds of castles as well, even some that were built before medieval times. For everyone’s safety, castles were even made out of stone.  Castles were made out of this material because it was a way to prevent bad people from breaking and destroying the castle.    





People were able to stand on top of the roof of castles in a way to watch out for the enemies coming to attack them.  It was also a way for them to plan what to do when they go and attack the enemies.  Whether it would be using a catapult or another type of weapon to defeat the enemies. Another way of how they can defend themselves is by creating a moat to make it harder for the enemies to enter into the castle.


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Issue #27- Interview With David Marquardt

  1. What was your inspiration that lead you to a career in photography? I originally did video work and went to Film school at USC. Decided against internship at various production companies in Hollywood and got a video camera, told people what I was doing and just went into the actual trade. As I gained clients and got work, the clients for video production always needed photography more than video. I was always bringing in Photographers and one of the clients was annoyed with this and said “why don’t we just get you a camera and have you do the shots” So it started, I reluctantly became a photographer, sometimes you are better at something so don’t really want to do more than what you actually want to do.
  2. Was photography a subject you were always interested in? No, it was video production, photography was something I just fell into and realized that I was good at it and made more money being a photographer. 
  3. What advice would you give to someone perusing a career in photography? My experience has been to just take photos. Studying it is also important, but hands on is the best way to learn. Know what you like and find what works. Find the gap between what you’re doing and what you’re seeing. Learn the different techniques and find out what works.
  4. As a photographer what key features of a structure are you looking for? Depends on who I am shooting for. The client lets me know the area of focus of the structure aka the focal point.
  5. How much does professional photography influence a buyer’s decision when buying? A lot! A great photo will get them in the door. Sometimes a good photo can make a house look better than it actually is, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing because it can give the buyer an idea of the potential of that particular home. Some buyers have bought a house sight unseen just because the pictures where so good. 
  6. What percent of your photography requires post-production techniques? 100%
  7. What techniques are the most commonly used? There are basic rules to Architectural Photography, it’s less about being creative and more about “as is”. Sharp lines and balance. Vertical lines must be straight on, so the lines don’t change. Tripods are used for this precision.
  8. How much creative control do you have setting up furniture and accessories before an interior shoot? Again, this depends on whom I am shooting for. Say for instance interior designers, they have everything set up and all they need is a picture of it. In Real Estate sometimes the home needs to be rearranged or the clutter inside the house needs to be cleared away. 
  9. In your photography career, what job or location was most challenging to you? Anything where the expectations are high and when there are lots of windows with dark furniture.
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Issue #26 – Different Styles of Cameras

Circles Magazine took pictures of cameras,
how they look now and how they looked in decades past.
Cameras can be traced much further back than the introduction
of photography. Photography cameras started with the camera
obscura, that continued with daguerreotype and developed into
the 35mm film camera’s to the modern digital cameras, research
shows that most cameras that are sold today are digital.
The very first digital camera was built back in December 1975,
by an engineer name Steve Sassoon of Eastman Kodak. The Casio
QV-10 is the very first consumer digital camera. It followed in the
footsteps with Apple Quick take 100 and 150. It was introduced
in 1995.


Olympus Auto Eye 101 (1958)                      Kodak Retina Reflex (1961)

Pentax K1000 (1976)                                            Yashica FX-70 (1979)

Canon T-50 (1983)

                                                                                                                                            Sony Evolution

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