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Missions to other planets has been busy over the last fifty years laying the groundwork for efficient space travel to other planets both in and out of the local star system. With a 19.5 billion dollar directive to get humans to or on Mars by the early 2030s; we should not forget the enormous strides in understanding the Solar system we have taken. American space probes have visited each of the planets in the system; some more than others (Jupiter), others only once (Neptune).
Here is a list of probes sent by the people of Earth to investigate the outer planets of the Sol system. We have included launch dates, purpose, and where they are now.

Voyager 1: Mission to study the weather, the magnetic fields, and the rings of both Jupiter and Saturn before continuing out of the Sol system

Voyager 2; Took a longer trajectory to reach Jupiter(1979) and Saturn(1981), as well as flybys of Uranus(1986)and

Pioneer 10(March, 1972) Built to study the cosmic rays and solar winds, it visited Jupiter and is now headed out of the system. In 2003, it lost power for the radio transmitter at a range of 12 billion kilometers from Earth; well past the orbit of the Pluto Kuiper Belt Object.

Pioneer 11: Had the same mission goals as Pioneer 10 except that it’s flight path included a visit to Saturn as well. It also is dead for the stars and its last transmissions were received in late 1995.

Cassini-Huygens: Launched from Cape Kennedy, Cassini carried the Huygens lander to Saturn where it would land on Titan, one of Saturn’s moons

Galileo: The first of our probes not launched, but carried into orbit by the Space Shuttle Atlantis. Its goal included the study of Jupiter and its moons.

Ulysses: To examine the ‘north’ and ‘south’ poles of the sun. It would first have to travel to Jupiter and then to the star in an orbit that required almost six years between passes on the sun’s poles.

New Horizons: Would do a fly-by on the Pluto object and other Kuiper Belt Objects.

Juno: Entered the polar orbit of Jupiter in July 2016 and will study the winds and atmosphere until it’s planned deceleration and destruction in 2021.

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Issue #34 – D.I.Y. Galaxy Slime


In one bowl, mix 1/2 cup of glue with 1/2 cup of water. Stir together; it will mix nicely.  Add food coloring to the glue and water mixture. We used 6 drops of blue and 3 drops of red to get a nice dark purple color. In the other bowl, mix 1 teaspoon of borax with 1 cup of lukewarm water. Stir until the borax is dissolved. This takes a while, so you will have to be patient. If you skip this step, your slime will not come out very well. Adding the purple glue mixture to the borax solution. The mixture turns into goop when they come into contact with

each other.You’ll see the slime start to form. Stir as much as you can. Use your hands to get in there and work it around. Take your glob of slime out of the bowl and put it on your wax paper. It’s okay if there is some water left behind.The slime is now on the waxed paper in one piece. It’s time to add some glitter galaxies! Flatten out your slime and spread glitter over the top. You can use any color or combination of colors, but lighter ones will work best because they will stand out against the dark purple. Fold your slime in half to seal in the glitter. Then press it out and fold it over again. The slime is folded in half enclosing the glitter inside.  Play with your handheld universe and watch it stretch and expand!

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Issue #34 – Space Jams

in the empty & silent vacuum of space it’s nice to have some songs to enjoy. so the Circles command site to ask staff and individuals what some of their favorite space related songs are. listed below are names of the songs, the artist the year they were released, and the person who faved it.

“Another Race” {Effiel} 65 <1999> Ylana

“Super Sonic” {JJ Fad} <1988> Deborah

“Intergalactic” {Beastie Boys} <1998> Taylor

“Space Oddity” {David Bowie} 1969 Richard

“Space Truckin” {Deep Purple} <1972> Vincent

“Space Jam” {Quad City DJ’s} <1996> Terrance

“Freak-a- Zoid{Midnight Star}” <1983> Kathleen

We re’ The Spaceballs {The Spinners} <1987> Chris

“Total Eclipse of the Heart” {Bonnie Tyler} <1983> Dana

“The Dark Side of the Moon”{Pink Floyd} <1973> Michael

“Lost in Space Theme” {John Williams} <1965> Stephanie

“Big Bang Theory Theme song” {Barenaked Ladies} <2016> Amy

“Power Rangers in Space Theme”{Ronald Aaron Wasserman} <1998> Jason

“Hit’em High” The Monstars Anthem {Busta Rhymes, Coolio, LL cool J, and Method Man} <1996> Dallin

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Issue #34 – The Signs from The Stars

Ptolemy was an astrologer, mathematician ans astronomer. He is credited with being the first to correlate astrology and astronomy with his treatise commonly known as Tetrabibios. He was regarded as the leading astrologer of his time and Tetreabibios was actually the bible for astrologers for over a thousand years.

In modern western culture there are twelve astrological signs, most astrologers list Aries as the first sign. The signs are associated with constellations that are seen in the sky during the time periods that they represent. There are actually several interpretations of the zodiac at different times and for different reasons.

Tropical bases its interpretation on the vernal equinox of the northern hemisphere. Sidereal bases its interpretation on the appearance of the principal star in the constellation. The two systems dates however are not the same and are about month apart.

The signs are generally associated with the four elements : water, fire, earth and air. The Water signs are: Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces, the Fire Signs are Aries, Leo and Sagittarius, the Earth Signs are Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn, and the Air signs are Gemini, Libra and Aquarius.

In more Modern times a horoscope is often used to help guide the lives of people who feel that the stars are what make for a happier life and can be found in most any form of media from the local newspaper to your smartphone. You can check your horoscope and see what life has in store for you in the coming day, month or year. Most people who do check them try to check them daily.

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Issue #32 – Southern Nevada Beagle’s Rescue Foundation

Circles magazine visited SNBRF and had a great time interviewing Regina Harman, meeting the rescue dogs and learning about this awesome rescue operation. SNBRF is a non-profit, all volunteer foundation dedicated the rescue of Beagles, Beagle mixes, hounds and little and education about responsible dog and puppy ownership.

They provide rescue and adoption services primarily in Las Vegas, Henderson, and the rest of Clark County Nevada, they find permanent homes for Beagles who have been surrendered by their owners or have been abandoned or abused. SNBRF does not house dogs and puppies in a shelter as many rescue groups do, our dogs are cared for in healthy, safe, loving foster home environments.

All the dogs are pre-screened for behavior, temperament and health conditions prior to placement. This includes being spayed or neutered. They always welcome any donations. They can be found on Facebook and

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Issue #32 – How To Respect Animals

All animals should be respected with loving owners that will be dedicated to their wellbeing. There are many different ways to care for your pet’s needs. This is includes their diet, exercise, and proper training. Feeding your pet’s healthy food will keep them fit and happy for a long healthy life. Socializing your pets is always a great idea. Having your pet interact with other animals and people. This will keep your dog active and friendly when entering different environments. Making sure your pets has annual check-ups with a vet is a must. Micro-chip your pet is an easy way to relocate them in case they are lost. Taking your pets to the groomers to get their nails clipped and bathed is recommended. Most of the times they put bows on their little ears that make them oh so cute.


  • Run your dog up and down the stairs.

  • Set up obstacle courses.

  • Make your dog work for its treats.

  • Keep away and fetch.

  • Take a socialized outing

  1. Check labels for nutritional value

  2. Avoid feeding shelf-stable foods as a staple diet

  3. Introduce fresh whole foods

  4. Feed a variety of ingredients rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties


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Issue #32 – History of Animal Crackers



Animal crackers have been a childhood snack for all kinds of people and can make us feel nostalgic. Many of us eat them to this day. You can eat them in different ways like, dipping them in your milk, coffee, or even cover them in chocolate. There are several brands that sell animal crackers. We ha

ve Stauffer’s animal crackers which comes in original and chocolate gram flavor. You can buy the 24 oz. or the 46 oz. Original Animal Crackers in a cute bear jug. Mother’s brand made the frosted animal cookies that we loved growing up since 1914 but when the company went bankrupt Kellogg bought the company and kept the cookies alive.  Barnum makes the animal crackers that come in the circus themed box. Believe it or not the strings at the top of the boxes were for decorating the tree for the holiday season not to be used as a handle.

Now the circus boxes have a cardboard handle instead of a string. April 18 is recognized as National Animal Cracker Day so save your appetites to eat lots and lots of animal crackers.

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Issue #32 – Lion Habitat Ranch





Located at
382 Bruner Ave. in
Henderson, NV 89044

When we arrived at the Lion Habitat Ranch we were met by Samantha Thomas who is an animal specialist at the ranch. She gave us a friendly  greeting and a great tour of the facility. She started the tour with the emus and ostriches, and pointing out the ostrich eggs that were freshly laid that morning. We then moved on to the lions, they have about 40 lions among other animals throughout the facility. We were told that the lions they work with on a daily basis consume an enormous amount of food. Male lions tend to eat about $10000.00 worth of food a year, while females eat about $8000.00 worth. Also on the premises are several exotic birds including macaws and cockatiels, who are happy to greet you when you walk by. Another fixture at the ranch is Ozzy the giraffe, who is friendly and talented, visitors are invited to feed him. He also is famous for his painted t-shirts and canvases that are sold in the gift shop to help with the costs of running the ranch.


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Issue #32 – Clark County Wetlands Park

Wildlife consists of

  • Birds– the most common wildlife in the park, birds range in size from the golden eagle with its six-foot wingspan to the tiny black-chinned hummingbird.


  • Mammals– the park makes life easier for many desert species. Animals like coyote are found in greater numbers, drawn by water and prey.


  • Fish– the park is home to a number of fish species, none of which are native to southern Nevada. Some, like the mosquitofish, were introduced because they eat mosquito larvae and help control mosquito populations.


  • Amphibians & Reptiles- a wide range of amphibians and reptiles great home in the park. Some live in ponds and streams, like the large spiny soft shelled turtles that like to sun themselves on rocks in the preserve streams and ponds and the wash, especially during the warmer weather.


  • Invertebrates– at the park, the world’s smallest creatures are well established in the habitats, helping to provide a balance to biodiversity and a welcomed food source for birds, animals, and other insects.

The wash is a natural water system that was first discovered by only native American Settlers to what is now our ‘’ Las Vegas Valley’’

The wash became perennial stream as a result of the Valley’s waste water reclamation facilities in the 1950’s.

It receives over 180 million gallons of reclaimed water per day.

Four Habitats make up the park

  1. Aquatic– the water-rich aquatic wetlands found within the wash and the park preserve’s network of ponds and streams provide resources for many plant and animal species that might not otherwise survive in the dry desert valley.
  2. Riparian– adjacent to the aquatic habitats found in the park, these verdant ‘’ strips of green’’ provide important food and shelter for wildlife close to water.
  3. Mesquite woodland – further away from the perennial water sources found in the park, these meadows provide natural drainage for the park when hit by flash floods.
  4. Desert Scrub- This is the general habitat of the Mojave Desert, receiving just over four inches of precipitation per year. The plants and animals living here need to be very resilient.

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Issue #31 – Rhythms Dance Studio/Event Center

  1. What year did you open how long have you been in business?

Sin City Salseros has been around since 1999. We have been teaching classes for the last 8 years.


  1. Is the company nationwide?

Our Dance Studio and Dance company is Las Vegas based only. We have 10 dance teams from kids to adults.


  1. Where do you get your clothes from for your dancers?

We order them from companies that specialize in selling costumes or with local tailors or seamstresses that make our desired costume designs.

  1. How many dances do you have?

We teach over 15 different styles of dance at our studio but our teams only perform in salsa and bachata.


  1. What kind of music do you dance to?

Anything and everything, we love it all.


  1. What dance steps are your favorite?

What we call footwork or “solos” it’s when you break away from partner dancing and get to do your own thing.

  1. How long did it take you to learn the dances?

It takes several months to learn basics well and get past being a beginner, but you never stop learning.


  1. Do you do any concerts?

Yes! We are about to host Alex De Leon on May 5th.


  1. How much does your classes cost?

We offer a great deal for new students of $30 for 30 days of unlimited classes. Aside of unlimited class offer, classes range between $10-15






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