The first official stage of a tropical cyclone is a tropical depression meaning that a low pressure area is accompanied by thunderstorms that move in a circular wind flow with winds below 39 mph. It forms a cyclone when circulation becomes more organized and the wind speeds exceed 39 mph to 75 mph.

Ever wonder how hurricanes get their names, and why hurricanes have names at all? Meteorologists long ago learned that naming tropical storms and hurricanes help people remember them and makes communication about them more effective. The gender of the names changes every year with all even number years the storms are named after women and all odd years they are named after men. So in 2019 all hurricanes will be in men’s name and next year will be all women names. Stay safe if and when a particular storm strikes a coast.

A typical hurricane lasts between 12-24 hrs. But a hurricane can also sustain itself for as long as a month, as Hurricane John did in 1994.

When they’re no longer being fed water vapor by a warm ocean or in the presence of wind shear (variation in wind velocity occurring along a direction at right angles to the wind’s direction and tending to exert a turning force) which disrupts their structure. While both of these conditions can occur over open water, they mostly abrupt “death” of the storm. That happens when hurricanes come ashore over large land mass.

There are no category 6 hurricanes. Meteorologists measure hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Which classifies storms from weakest category 1 to strongest category 5 based on their maximum sustained wind speeds. Some storms are also more intense, reaching wind speeds of over 200 miles per hour.

Hurricane Katrina was so destructive way beyond measure! Primarily because levees around New Orleans, Louisiana failed (levees are water barriers built to prevent flooding.) Parts of New Orleans have an elevation that is lower than sea level. Very heavy winds also contributed the damage, but flooding was the most destructive aspect of the hurricane.

The Great Galveston Hurricane known regionally as the Great Storm of 1900. It was the deadliest natural disaster in United States history. It was one of the most cataclysmic and fourth deadliest Atlantic hurricane overall.

Wrtten by: Amy Toner and Daniel Romero

Layout and design by Daniel Romero

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Drawing by Nathan Moench

Best California Surfing Spots

  1. Ocean Beach City Beach
  2. Pacific Beach
  3. Tourmaline Surfing Park

Best Florida Surfing Spots

  1. New Smyrna Beach
  2. Jacksonville Beach
  3. St. Augustine

The Best Tropical Surfing Spots

  1. Oahu- One of the Hawaiian islands
  2. Australia- Down under is a good spot
  3. Bali- One of the Indonesian islands
  4. Tavarua- A Heart shaped Fijian island
  5. Tahiti- French Polynesia’s largest island
Kyren Ford, Drek Gendvil, Tim Roberts, Justin Freeman

Surfing? In Las Vegas? There isn’t much surfing here but Ron Jon Surf Shop is ready for you if want to do it. We were research tropical surfing and found a surf shop here so we went to ask the experts about surfing.

Eric Nelson
Ron Jon Surf Shop

Eric Nelson, manager of Ron Jon helped us out, he told us about the various surfboards for the different kind of waves, there is a surfboard for all of them.  The serious all-out surfer would probably use a long board to tackle the biggest of waves which you can find in several tropical areas including Australia, Indonesia and most of the South Pacific coasts. Hawaii is well known for it’s outstanding waves on the North Shore. Then there is the casual weekend surfer that might not want to tackle large waves but still loves to surf, someone in this category might use a short board which seems to be the most popular board. There is a surfboard for every size and wave and surfboards are also a specific shape so that they ride the waves and not sink to the bottom. The shape contours to the rider and is made up of design features such as:  The Nose – The front tip of the surfboard, The Tail – The back part of the surf board, The Rocker – The curve applied to the nose and tail and, The Rail – which are the shape of the sides of the surfboard. The width of a board is the size of a surfboard in perpendicular to the stringer. It is measured at the widest point. The broad board will float better and is more buoyant, these are more stable and ideal for beginners. 20 to 22 inches is a good width for beginners. Experts often choose a 17 to 19 inch width for better control over the board.

Surfboard with wax and sunglasses

Most coastal communities have some sort of surfing as the local pastime whether it be on the Atlantic, Pacific. Shops sell many accessories and clothing needed for the avid surfer and may include wet suits, wax for the surfboard, sunglasses or goggles and clothing styles just for surfing.

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The Circles Crew went to Wax Trax Records Inc located at 2909 S. Decatur. We sat down with Richard Rosen who has been the owner and operator for 20 years in Las Vegas. Richard has been in the record industry for over 55 years. He started in New York in 1972 and later relocated to Las Vegas in 1988. Richard said we could receive a 20% discount on any purchase if he makes the cover. When asked about Richard’s personal musical taste he suggested the Beatles, Johnny Cash and Elton John(whom he mentioned to be a personal friend of his). When you decide to visit Wax Trax, make sure to say hi to Richard’s son David who also works there and say hi to Charlie the dog!

Interview by: Joey Thomas. Written by: Justin Freeman, and Michelle Frese. Pictures by: Stacy Foster.

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Hello, folks, it is time to have some fun, and go wild. Yes, that is right, game fans, now let’s go out and party and go Bonzo Loco. Game fanatics let’s head out to our favorite rendezvous in the fields of frolic. Let’s have fun with the Games of Dave & Busters.

We all have various opinions about the atmosphere and different games. So let us begin with Justin and his opinions: “My experience at Dave & Buster’s arcade section was good, if you want my honest opinion. The section of games they had was small, but considering you had to fit a restaurant and bar just on the other side of the space it is still a pretty big space.”

Now let’s turn to Eric and his opinions, about the place and establishment: “Really great! I love the games! I like the toys! I like the Mario Kart game.” Okay let us now go to Kyren: “It was amazing! I like the games, the toys, and so much more.” Now let us go with Derek: “I think Dave & Busters is a great place to get away from the house so you don’t get bored. It is fun for the whole family as well, and if you’re in the mood to get tickets for prizes.” Finally there is Robert: “Well it is a great carnival atmosphere and the games were amazingly high-tech, plus there is so much to do that you can spend all day there.”

So in conclusion, Dave & Busters is a real cool place to go. It is full of thrills and excitement that words THE GAMES OF DAVE & BUSTERS can’t describe. Indeed, you have to go there and experience the wonder and atmosphere of one of the most high-tech game gadgetry ever devised. Yes, it is truly a sight to behold and be amazed at all sorts of games. So why not go down and experience the wonder first hand. Go down to Dave & Busters now and have the joy of your life.

Written by: Robert Klag

Game reviews by: Justin Freeman, Kyren Ford, Derek Gendvil, and Robert Klag

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The story telling was impactful and emotional as Rose and Jack began their fledgling romance aboard the S.S. Titanic. This fictional account of the events that transpired on April 10, 1912 are put into a movie Titanic in a poker game and a rich socialite named Rose. Rose is aboard the ship with her fiance Cal, whom as explained by Rose Rose, she is not in love with, and begins a romantic affair with Jack aboard the ship.

After, it is found out, that Jack and Rose together, Cal and his entourage forbid them from seeing each other and Jack is forbidden from entering, the first class parts of the ship. Although this didn’t stop him from being with Rose. As the ship was in it’s final minutes, before sinking, Jack is handcuff in a room below deck look for Jack, and finds him. Using a fire ax that was attached to the wall, she frees him from the handcuffs, and they make a frantic dash back above the deck. In order, to save themselves, they jump from the ship, and the movie fades back to the present back to the present showing an older Rose telling the story to a crew salvaging the wreck.

Daniel said, I liked the ship’s immense size, and that it’s like a floating hotel on the sea. During the film, it was love at first site. Older Rose, tells all of us, how the Titanic met it’s fated maiden voyage, and how Jack and Rose were destined to be together.

Deana Said, This movie was very iconic from the scene, with Rose, feeling like she was flying with Jack at the front of the ship to them being reunited in the last scene at the end. People should definetely go see it, you’ll be blown away with tears, from the romance and tragedy .

Nathan said, I didn’t like the crazy fiance who tries to kill them and I didn’t like that Jack died at the end. The movie was great, it had both fictional and real characters. The romance between Jack and Rose was my favorite part.

Written By Robert Klag Jr.

Reviews by: Daniel Romero, Deeana Chapman, Nathan Moench

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A long time ago, Las Vegas had The MGM Grand Theme Park. The plan was to create a theme park that was suitable for children and adults. With the
theme representing the “Wizards of Oz,” a yellow brick road was installed
which guided guests from inside of the hotel leading them to the theme park entrance. The theme park was 33 acres in size and really had a feel like, Disneyland Hollywood Studios/Universal Studios. December 18th, 1993 was the opening of the theme park. It provided attractions including shows, roller coasters and water rides.
The shows featured pirates and a Halloween themed haunted house. Other
rides include the Haunted Mine, Grand Canyon Rapids, Deep Earth
Exploration, and the Lightning Bolt. The park never met its expectations and in 2007 the park closed in order for the MGM to make space for swimming pools and conference facilities. Even though the MGM Grand Theme park was not a success, it opened the doors for other hotels to have thrill rides of their own.
Some of these casinos were, New York New York with the Manhattan Express roller coaster, Buffalo Bills with the Desperado Roller Coaster, and Circus Circus with the Canyon Blaster roller coaster.

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We the Circles team went to the Hollywood Car Museum and saw at least a hundred cars there. We saw the Pink Panther car, the Fast and the Furious cars, the Looney Tunes Bugs Bunny car, and many more.

In the back of the garage are seven of Liberace’s cars on display that he and his family had owned. When we did the interview with Steve that runs the museum, we asked him how long that they have been open?

He told us that they have been around for five years and slowly opened the museum.

They get in many people all over the world to visit the museum. When we asked him how much the admission to the Hollywood Car Museum was. Steve had said for the adults its $20.00, kids have to be under 16 to get in for free with pay adult admission.

Steve went on to say that they don’t put gas in any of the cars. Every once in a while they add fresh paint on the cars. When we ask about the Fast and the Furious cars and the Bond cars Steve said that when they were filming the movies, they were crashed. Just like the Dukes of hazard car they were stunt cars.

Steve told us that his guys clean the whole garage even the cars too. He went on and said that all of the cars are really valuable. He also did talk about the Back to the Future car and how it really does start up with fire just like in the movie.

When we asked him who the owner was Steve told us that he lives in Miami and is a collector of the cars. He has over three million dollars of collectable cars, and he had sent at least a hundred of the cars to Steve for his museum. Steve wanted to do something fun for families that they can all do together, and for Las Vegas locals as well.

Interview: Stacey Foster

Photographer: Michelle Frese & Briana Brooks

Video recorder: Joey Thomas

Research: Terrance Jerffers & Elizabeth Suarez

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Visiting the Flamingo Wildlife Habitat at the Flamingo Casino was a special experience for me because it reminded me (Brianna) of Georgia. Being surrounded by the greenery felt like home to me but also the air was musky. The main attraction were the flamingos. They stood out as the reason to go. Our team learned about a lot of different animals and we would deeply recommend visiting the habitat.

Opening in 1995, the habitat brought a jungle-like environment to the strip.
(Even though the animal habitat’s hours are from 8am to 8pm, the area is accessible 24 hours every day.)
 However, we recommend visiting during daylight hours at least once to see the different animals properly. After hours the path is a little more secluded than the rest of The Strip.  Jeremy also went to the habitat and he really enjoyed it. He said, “I really enjoyed seeing all the different kinds of animals like the flamingos and parrots. You can even have a parrot put on your shoulder. I thought that was cool to see.” Seeing the different kinds of plants and a waterfall was pretty cool to see as well. I would highly recommend everyone to go and check this place out because it’s a pretty cool experience to go and check out.

How long do Macaw birds live? •The average life span is 60 years.

Why do flamingos stand on one leg? •To conserve energy because they are at rest.

How far will a Mallard Duck fly when it migrates? • It can travel up to 800 miles a day.

How do turtles survive in the winter? • They bromate under rocks in the water holding their breath for 4 months, at heart rate of 5 beats per minute.

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Are you getting bored of the same old hobbies? Well we have the right one for you! Flying RC planes, helicopters and other types of radio control aircrafts has become a hugely popular pastime in the recent years.

It has never been easier and more affordable to get started! Circles Magazine met with Don Campbell to interview about the park and everything else you need to know when flying. He told us “it is hard to fly RC airplanes, they are just like the real thing but just on a smaller scale, they are also slow, and depend on the type of airplane.” They run about 200 miles an hour. some prices vary from $200.75 to $409.95. Most people buy finished or build and fly them around.

The limitations of RC planes have been compared to real airplanes such as not responding. There are a few rules when flying: Don’t hurt anybody, and no combat flying, (combat flying means the flying of any model aircraft in such a manner as to interfere with another model aircraft that can cause damage to each other). A yearly pass must be purchased to utilize the model airplane flying field at Willie McCool Regional Park. A pass can be purchased at the Neighborhood Recreation Center, 1638 North Bruce Street, North Las Vegas. For more information, Call; (702) 633-1600.

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Research Team: Stacey Foster, Michelle Frese, Justin Freeman, Cassie Hitchcock, Joey Thomas

 Mobsters, the lifeblood of America between Probation (1920’s) to about the 1950’s. While most of the Mob now is gone, their memory and their legacy lives on in the Mob Museum at 300 Stewart Ave in Las Vegas. We at Circles Magazine got the chance to go there to take a tour and to do an interview.

 We got to do an interview with Felicia, who is the Director of Guest Services at the Mob Museum, and ask a couple of questions:

                How did the Mob Museum start?

A number of people had a hand to the start of the Mob Museum, the biggest was Former Mayor of Las Vegas and Mob Defense Attorney, Oscar Goodman.

                How many people do you have working here?

120 full time employees and we have about that many part time workers as well. That number of part time workers does not include volunteers.

                How many tours do you ‘run’ on a daily basis?

The tours are predominant self-guided.

                How long has the Mob Museum been in Las Vegas?

February 14th, 2012; because that was the date of a pretty big Mob event that happened, the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre (1967).

                What was this building before it became a museum?

A Courthouse and a Post Office

                How many exhibits do you have?

Four (4) Floor exhibits and many things that are not on display in storage as well as in schools and some community centers.

Have any of the Items been use in a court of Law?

Yes, Al Capone’s gun is on the 3rd floor on loan from the IRS Criminal investigation unit, Two (2) Tommy Guns (or Thompson Submachine Guns) from the Valentine’s Day Massacre. They are periodicity on display and hand cuffs on the 2nd floor.

                What is your favorite exhibit?

A special place in my heart is for the Crime Lab and Firearm Training simulator.

 After our interview with Felicia, we had the chance to tour the Mob Museum for ourselves. We were amazed with the amount of history that the Museum had to offer. From seeing the Revolver that Al Capone used to having one of us being electrocuted (not actually). It was a fun tour for us. So the next time you want to find out about the Mob, go to the Mob Museum!

 P.S.:  The hours for the Mob Museum is open every day at 9:00 AM to 9:00PM; tickets start at $26.95 but it includes a Las Vegas all exclusive pass. Also there is limited Parking for the Mob Museum on site and there is a $7.00 fee for parking.

 P.S.S.: Thank you Felicia, and the rest of the Mob Museum, for the interview and allowing us to tour the Museum. It was a fun experience for us!

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