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Issue #32 – Guide Dogs











Seeing Eye Dogs What are seeing eye dogs? Seeing eye dogs help the elderly as well as the blind. They help them get around as going to the store, going on walks or even riding the transportation. Their job is to help their owner from any harm’s way and to make sure they arrive to their location safely. How are the dogs trained? Seeing eye dogs are trained at the age of six or nine weeks old, they train them manners, socializing, commands and also experience them on buses, car rides or going grocery shopping. The benefits of owning a guide dog, they give an elderly person confidence, compassionate and security. It also helps them with their anxiety, depression, and loneliness. The owner and the guide dog have a special bond that no one can break they have love for each other and also have a strong friendship. It can give the blind person more independence and also change their lives. A good dog-handler team has a strong bond that is formed through many hours of training.


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Issue #32 – Endangered species in Nevada

There are many endangered species here in Nevada. This is a small window on some of the threatened species in our state.

Mount Charleston Blue Butterfly is a small one inch added to the Endangered Species list in 2013 after a fire on the mountain destroyed much of the known habitat. A small number of these elusive insects are reported every year as they closely resemble other butterflies in the area.  In larval form their habitat is the alpine meadows during the spring and summer. This brings them into conflict with picnic goers and wild horses.

Mt Charleston Blue Butterfly, Plebejus shasta

The Carson Wandering Skipper is a small brownish orange Butterfly located mostly in Northern Nevada and California. It was ruled endangered in 2002. It is on the endangered species list, because, its habitat is being destroyed by urban and residential development; wetland habitat modification, non-native plant invasion, agricultural practices, water exportation projects and naturally occurring stochastic events. The Carson Wandering Skipper eats plant nectar .

The Razorback Sucker is a freshwater fish which can be found in pockets of the Colorado River basin along the main river. Its visible characteristics give it the name it bears today. Protected since 1991, it has been making a comeback through hatcheries dedicated to raising them for release back into their natural habitat.   

Found in only one small part of Nevada is the White River Spinedace. The Kirch Wildlife Management Area near Sunnyside Nevada is the home to the some 2000-3000 of the fish. At less than 5 inches in length, the biggest threat to it seems to be larger fish and the use of the spring waters for irrigation purposes. .


The desert tortoise is both the largest reptile in the Mojave as well as being the state reptile for the state of Nevada. They can live


up to 80 years, munching on cactus, caterpillars, and larvae of different types. Through much effort and your attention, this fellow is no longer actually endangered, but has had its rating lowered to Threatened. 

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Issue #31 – Hiking in Las Vegas

Las Vegas  has a great number of free walking and hiking trails available to the more adventurous of our readers. These are an excellent opportunity to get out into nature and see the great outdoors. Always remembering that it can get quite hot during the summer and not all trails are improved track or mobility accessible; we remind you to look up the trail before you go and see if it is right for you. For safety and comfort, we also recommend: carry your own water, wear a hat, bring sunblock, and walking stick and sunglasses are optional.







Calico Basin 

This trail is located at Red Canyon. Its 5.2 miles long. Marvelous views of the Las Vegas valley

Hualapai Canyon Trailhead

The address is located at 2-338 S Hualapai Way Las Vegas, NV 89144 and it’s located between Alta and Town Center Drive in Summerlin. The length of the trail is 0.8 miles. Trail is located above the wash. It is open 7 days a week from 7am-10pm.







The Pueblo Park

The address is located at 7663 W Lake Mead Blvd. The length of the Trail is 1.5 miles. It’s open every day from 6am-10pm. It’s free to enter the park. Make sure that you bring water with you because there are no water fountains available.







Wetlands Park

The address is located at 7050 Wetlands Park Lane. It includes ponds and 3 miles of trail. It also has restrooms to use. Plenty of space to explore nature. Trails to explore nature can be found from the parking lot by the Nature Preserve and Nature Park.

Walking for health is as great as it is cracked up to be. You should walk not run, in order to acquire a healthy heart. If you walk briskly you lower your risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Researchers analyzed 15,045 walkers, in the National Walkers Health Study found and found that moderate intensity walkers and high intensity runners resulted in reductions of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and possibly coronary disease of the heart. Walking for 2.5hrs a week can possibly reduce heart disease by 30%. In addition, this do-anywhere, no-equipment required activity can keep you mentally sharp and can reduce the risk of cancer and diabetes.

A University of Utah study in 2014, found that for every minute of brisk walking that women did throughout the day, they lowered the risk of obesity by 5%. Walking can even help your mood. Studies from a number of sources that it’s as effective as drugs in decreasing depression.  It can relieve every day stress as well. Tensions start to ease as the road stretches in front of you.  Mood endorphin levels are elevated. Walking helps clear the mind too, it might help you find a solution to a problem or too that’s been bugging you.

You can take the dogs for a stroll through the neighborhood. Why not spend quality time at the park with your family? Park farther from your workplace and use the stairs instead of the elevator.  Window shop at the Mall. There are so many ways to go walking that it is unbelievable. So there are no excuses.

One has to start walking, and you will be able make your community stronger, as well. Social scientists found that if more people take to the streets neighborhood crime rates falls and the local economy improves a lot. You can benefit from interpersonal with your children, helps with behavior problems and improve with their academic performance as well. You can meet all kinds of new people and interconnect with neighbors. So don’t wait for another doctor’s appointment, go out to pursue, the joys of walking!

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Issue #31 – Special Olympics

60’s The first International Special Olympics Summer Games were held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois, USA. A thousand people with intellectual disabilities from 26 U.S. states and Canada compete in track and field, swimming and floor hockey.


70’s An idea that started in the USA begins to spread across the globe. Stigma facing people with intellectual disabilities are slowly being replaced with respect and admiration on the playing fields and off.


The Special Olympics movement continue to grow and to gain respect in the 1980s. The International Olympic Committee signs a historic agreement the Sargent and Eunice Kennedy Shriver officially endorsing and recognizing Special Olympics.


 The first International Games are held outside the USA, as Special Olympics gains a greater global foothold. New health programs mark a turning point as well.


 The Unified Sports program grew program grew rapidly in the 2000s. People with and without intellectual disabilities teamed up in a growing number of countries worldwide.

The 2010s have seen remarkable growth in the visability and power of Special Olympics to changes lives worldwide. In the decade, our Unified Sports program exceeds 1 million participants; our Health program expands dramatically thanks to public and private investment; and the number of athletes with intellectual disabilities and Unified Sports teammates reaches 5-3 million.

1.What is the mission statement? 

Special Olympics Nevada provides athletic opportunities to children and adults with intellectual disabilities, instilling the confidence they need to succeed in life.

2. How many athletes participate in the Special Olympics?

3,050 athletes train and compete in Special Olympics.

3. SONV is a 501(c) 3 nonprofit organization that relies on the support of funding from individuals, organizations, corporations and foundations. SONV hosts a variety of fundraising events throughout the year, including the Polar Plunge and Law Enforcement Torch Run, and plays an active role to build mutually beneficial relationships with key donors, sponsors and members of the community. SONV also depends on the commitment of 3,445 volunteers to continue to provide sports and services in all areas.

4. What events are in Special Olympics?

Basketball, swimming, Track and Field, Bocce Ball, Softball, Soccer Bowling, Golf, Unified Flag Football, Unified Tennis

5. What qualifications are needed for athlete?

SONV is a program of choice. We never ask anyone’s disability, but we do use an unofficial standard that anyone with an IEP wouldqualify for Special Olympics Nevada. Again, I would like to state that anyone can participate in our program.

6. How do you promote a healthy lifestyle?

In order for athletes to perform at their best, both on and off the playing field, we believe promoting a healthy life style to our athletes is critical to their success. The Healthy Athletes program is dedicated to providing health services and education to Special Olympics athletes, and changing the way health systems interact with people with intellectual disabilities. All screenings are free to the athletes occur at specific competitions.

7. What is the Polar Plunge?

The Polar Plunge is a fundraising event that raises awareness for SONV by jumping into water. Participants raise a minimum of $125 to participate. This year our plunge in Las Vegas raised $41,000.

What is the tip a cop program?

Law Enforcement give a whole new meaning to “protect and serve” at Tip-A-Cop fundraisers. Officers serve as celebrity waiters at restaurants, and they donate all the tips they receive to Special Olympics. Tip-A-Cop has been a favorite way for officer to raise money, and the public loves to have the officers wait on them hand and foot.

What is L.E.T.R.?

The mission of the Law Enforcement Torch Run (LETR) in parrtnership with our communities, is to support Special Olympics Nevada through fundraising and public awareness, while enhancing the quality of life of our athletes.

10. What are the benefits for being a Special Olympics athlete?

Special Olympics provides sports training and competition to children and adults with intellectual disabilities. Our athletes are like any other athlete, they like to train, they like to compete and win or lose, they always try their best. The confidence and self-esteem they gain on the playing field carries over onto the playing field of life, helping to make them contributing members of their community. We believe that Special Olympics is more than sports, it is “Training For Life!”


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Issue #31 – Basketball In The Park

Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world and one of the most widely viewed. It is a team sport that involves two teams of five active players each trying to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 300 cm (10 feet) high hoop (the ‘basket’) Under organized rules.

As well as being a great way to stay fit, basketball can also:

  • Help you to make new friends and see them regularly teach you about being a good team player
  • being a good team player
  • Be played by people of all ages and all abilities
  • Be played all year round because it’s usually an indoor sport
  • Be a fun game that kids of all levels and ages can enjoy

Basketball is a fast moving game that involves a lot of variety, including shooting, dribbling, passing, rebounding, defense and much more.

Health benefits of basketball:


  • Burn calories (630–750 calories an hour)    
  • Build endurance
  • Improve balance and coordination
  • Develop concentration and self-discipline
  • Build up muscle.
  • Aerobic exercise.





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Issue #31 – Martial Arts Gets More Urbanized

Martial arts is regarded as the pinnacle of holistic human fitness. Martial arts generally requires strength, flexibility, power, breathing control, awareness, speed, muscle memory, and overall superb kinesthetic control.  To achieve this is a martial artist will practice techniques, exercises, adequately stretch, and eat a very nutritional diet to be at their very best. Martial artists mainly focus on callisthenic exercises, plyometric exercises. and cardio exercises.

A not so commonly known training that martial arts can require is micro fracture conditioning. In order to achieve benefits from micro fracture conditioning one should on a daily basis strike a punching bag, bucket/bag of sand, and/or other materials with your shins, forearms, and hands to lightly and sufficiently damage them and make the bones repair and adapt themselves to become stronger. One should never overdue micro fracture conditioning and truly fracture their bones. Fully breaking a bone causes one’s bones to become permanently a lot weaker. Micro fracture conditioning is also known/rumored for causing the nerves to gain a higher resistance to feeling pain.

Another key player in strengthening bones is by compressing the bones. Some of the top outstanding ways to compress the bones is with weight bearing activities such as hiking with a backpack, weight lifting (concentric workouts), stair climbing, and even weight resistance dancing or martial arts. One must also have a steady intake of minerals and vitamins to support the needed repair and adaption of one’s bones. Major players in bone nutrition are vitamin k, magnesium, and phosphorus.


A great place in Vegas to start and to train for martial arts is at Las Vegas Krav Maga located at 1122 Vista Dr. right by Charleston between Arville and Hinson Street. At Las Vegas Krav Maga they offer some of the very best at bridging the gap between the dojo and the streets. For MMA they teach Muay Tai, Brazilian Jujitsu, Judo and Krav Maga. They have various instructors with extensive backgrounds to prepare students for the ring, the cage, and the streets. At Las Vegas Krav Maga they teach street self-defense using: punches, elbows, knees, kicks, defenses against various strikes, chokes, weapons defense (knives and guns), and realistic training drills. By realistic training they mean real contact and saving yourself from being literally attacked and choked for real ( no pillow fights here). From adults to kids they do all this to help reduce the chance of someone being a victim. As Las Vegas Krav Maga state “A crfiminal will never wait for you to be ready before attacking. Our Krav Maga training will teach you when to be on alert and how to stay prepared for anything.” So if you want to get in better shape or learn to be more prepared and safe martial arts and Las Vegas Krav Maga are both for you


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Issue #28 – Circular Chaos – A Circles Magazine Game

Game Article Pieces  _MG_3415

  1. The game board is from Trivial Pursuit 20th anniversary edition100_0160
  2. The spinner is from Wheel of Fortunespinner
  3. The pieces the players use can be anything, we used colored transparent pieces we found from arts and crafts pieces
  4. The tokens we used are white chips from cardboard they can be anything as long as there’s enough for up to 6 players (Roughly 30-60)TokensHow to Play
    1. To decide who will go first players will spin the wheel and aim for the lowest value, ties will be settled in a re-spin. Once a first player is decided turn order will go clockwise. Each player starts at the space with an arrow pointing at a circle. (6 different points)
    2. Players will take turns spinning the wheel aiming to get to the center to receive oval tokens. The players stand at 2-6 players.
    3. To move spaces players spin the wheel and get numbers, the 1st digit represents how many spaces you move. The color of what you roll represents how many tokens you will receive when in the center of the board.
    4. From start a player can go to the middle for some tokens. If a player passes the center the player will stop at the center regardless of what they spun. Once the player gets to the center the player will spin in the same turn for tokens. Yellow/Tan is 1 token – Orange/Red is 2 tokens – Blue is 3 tokens – Lose a turn is 0 tokens.
    5. After you get your potential tokens you can choose which path to go down and in order to get back into the center you must go left or right and go up through a different path to the center. Once you go one way you cannot turn around.
    6. CAREFUL spinning a bankrupt regardless of where you are will force all players to return a token to the center.
    7. Passing a player will result in you taking a token from them and giving it to a different player. You have to give the token to another player and cannot give it to yourself.
    8. The first player to reach 5 tokens will be declared the winner. The amount of required tokens to win is subject to change for more or less players depending.
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Issue #28 – Volunteering in the Community

Volunteering at Stupak Community Center



For the past 8 weeks we have been going to Stupak Community Center to volunteer. We started going once a week to help in the Outreach program, which has clothes, diapers, housewares that are donated to anyone in the community that needs these items. We packed breakfast and lunch for the people in the community that are hungry and need food. Around June they started their day camp program, which goes through the 11th of August. We were asked to help with breakfast and lunches for the kids. After we serve the breakfast and lunches for the campers, clean up the lunch room and dance room. There are always donated clothes to wash and fold for the Outreach closet. When we have down time we shoot basketballs, play foosball in the game room and enjoy the Library. We help out with Art projects for the Art director that ends up on the bulletin boards. We basically do whatever they ask of us to do to help out, including making cupcakes. We even got to try on and model some of the more upscale clothes that the Outreach closet has for people who need nice clothes for job interviews.  The individuals do not get paid for this work and it’s on a strictly volunteer basis, but they all love it. We have meetings about following directions, working as a team, job skills, navigating social skills in the community and working as a team.  Here are some of their comments about Stupak….


“It’s fun and rewarding” Sarah Verace

“It’s been a blast, they are kind enough to share some food and drinks with us, even though they don’t have to” Jason Dandoy

“I love going over there to help out the kids” Nora Miranda

“It’s good experience at the Community Center” Cassie Hitchcock

 “It’s pretty fun, I like seeing kids smiling” John Jones

Question and Answers from a Poll taken by our individuals:

  1. What do you like about the Community Center? Working with the people there, getting to play hoops and the other fun things also. The Library.
  2. What do you do you at the Community Center? Helping other people less fortunate. Pack lunches and breakfast, also playing Ping Pong.
  3. Have you learned anything new at the Community Center? I have learned to have fun, help others and get out more. I have also learned how to get a Library card and learned about the walking track. Washing, drying and folding clothes. I have also learned you can check out up to 44 items from the Library.
  4. How do you feeling about volunteering and not getting paid? I feel great about it, cos I am having fun and helping others.
  5. Do you want to keep going to the Community Center? Yes! because I have fun!!


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Issue #28 – Vegas Rat Rods

Rat Rod Interview with Steve Darnell


“Bringing Junk Back To Life, Bringing Junk Back To Life One Car at Time”

Steve Darnell  is the design mastermind behind the very unique car customization shop, Welderup. He was born in Vegas in 1971. He moved back and forth between Vegas and Montana when his parents divorced. Steve’s crazy creative Rat Rod designs got lots attention at local car shows, which also got the attention of the Discovery Chanel, which got him the Vegas Rat Rods show. Vegas Rat Rods is in its 3rd season and has become wildly popular. The T.V. show made his business grow, but not without growing pains because, they can’t keep up with the public needs. They are THAT busy. Steve also producing short films, music videos, and creative man-interior designs. Most recently, he created the set design, costumes, props, and vehicles featured in the Five Finger Death Punch “House of the Rising Sun” music video. Steve also designed the whole interior décor of his show room at his shop.

_MG_1980KODAK Digital Still Camera_MG_2001

  1. How long have you been interested in this type of work?

    I started building Rat Rods about 2007. My dad was a welder and I and I learned fabrication, I grew up in the atmosphere. I spent a lot of time in my room as a child with mismatched model cars, which became the rat rods of today.


  2. How long does it take to complete a rat rod restoration? 

    If I do it myself, it takes 2 & a half months. If my crew assists me, it takes 10-12 …days maybe 3 weeks.

  3. Do you design your rat rod concept a head of time?

    Usually have the ideas already in my head. Although I do have an artist on board that can draw up plans if needed.


  4. What was your most challenging rat rod to make?

    All of them. Everyone is a challenge. His favorite and first project was when he put a 5.9 liter Cumming’s diesel engine from a Dodge pickup truck into a 1933 Dodge sedan.

  5. Where do you find or locate most of the parts to make a rat rod?

    Junkyards all in the desert. Everywhere and anywhere, sometimes out of state, like Montana.

    _MG_1968_MG_1993old jeep image

  6. Who and when started the rat rod’s idea?

    1950’s with hot rods, not really sure, but they weren’t called rat rods. They were called jalopies.

  7. Is there a connection between rat rods and the Mad Max movie?

    Yeah, I think so. Steampunk and Desert people…. a lot of similarities.

    rat rods route sign

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