Developed by Hawaiian Polynesian settlers in 1894 – Hula is called “kahiho” and when performed is accompanied by a chant in their praise of the chiefs of their tribe.

The Hula skirt was originally made of “kupe”.  The flowers, shells, and feathers to cover the dancers from the waist to their ankles. They also used the kupe for decorations, bracelets and necklaces to distinguish each tribe.

Hula skirts now, are made of corn husks, raffia, or straw instead of the traditional tree bark. The Hula skirt being of old tradition, is now preserved by Polynesian ancestors performing Hula dancing and performing at special festive functions called “Luau’s”.

Traditional Hula Dancing is made up of steps that define each movement performed let’s start with the first move.

Step One: Uehe

To start the “uehe”, lead with your right leg for 32 times.

  1. Stand with your feet apart 2 feet, with your hands in a fist position in front of your hips.
  2. Elevate your right foot from the floor and swing hips to the left.
  3. With the ball of your right foot stomp on the floor, lifting both heels and bringing your knees out to the outside.
  4. Put your right heel down and take your left foot up as you move your hips to the right.
  5. Stomp ball of your left foot to the floor, lifting both heels, bringing your knees to the outside.
  6. Continue the steps two through five several times before changing to next step.

Step Two:  Hela

Continue from the last step, put your hands to your hips and ready yourself for the “Hela”, starting with right foot for 48 times. Start with right foot.

  1. Put in front of you your right foot to the floor, turning your body slightly to the right.
  2. Put your right foot beside the left foot to return to the center.
  3. Put your left foot to the floor in front of you, turning you’re your body slightly to the left.
  4. Put your left foot beside the right foot to return to center.
  5. Continue these steps four times with hands to your hips.
  6. For a couple of more rounds, 16 times, remove your hands  from your hips, and bring them slowly up so your arms are even to the floor, your palms in front of you and facing the floor.
  7. Finish the step with your feet side by side.

Step Three: Kaholo

The kaholo step is next. Take your arms and legs from one side to the other and coordinate the placing of them.

  1. Put your right foot out and to the right and as you extend right arm out to the right.
  2. Put left foot to the right, as you make the steps together.
  3. Repeat your right foot to the right again.
  4. Now tap left foot inward to the right.
  5. With your left arm extend to the left and bring your right hand to your chest and step to the left.
  6. Put your right foot in toward the left.
  7. Put your left foot further to the left.
  8. Put your right foot in toward the left. 9 Continue these steps three times. You can vary this move some by trying the “ kawelu . This is placing one foot behind the other on steps two and six, than stepping together

Step Four: Tamau Ami Combination

Performing this step will be alternating between tamau and ami.

  1. See where you left off on the step kaholo. Your left arm was extended out to the left and right hand was in front of your chest.
  2. Put your right foot beside your left and move the end of your right arm out to the right while you lift left heel off the floor slightly and swing hips to the right.
  3. Put your left heel down and lift your right some as you swing your hips to the left.
  4. You will repeat steps 2 and 3 one more time.
  5. Swerve your hips counter-clockwise for a count of four.
  6. Now you will do an eight count between the tamau at half-tempo (hit one, hold two), swing your hips four times, and count eight times for the ami, rotating your hips four times. Continue these actions for a total of 64 counts, which is continued completely four times.
  7. Continue the same sets again at full tempo for 32 times before moving onto the kalakaua move.

Step Five: Ka’o

The swaying of the hips from side to side in a smooth motion

Written By:   Cassandra Hitchcock and Amy Toner

Drawing by: Briana Brooks

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At the west end of the Las Vegas Valley sits a tropical paradise complete with tropical birds, fish, turtles and over 5 acres of trees, plants and more. It’s a tropical oasis right in our own backyard!

Moon Valley Nurseries is a family owned local company that has been growing trees for decades. According to the nursery’s website,, Moon Valley Nurseries is the largest specimen tree grower in the country and carefully grows only the best trees from the most premium specimens.

“We are the fastest growing tree nursery in the country,” Moon Valley at an October 22 interview. “And we are the largest Tree provider in the state of Nevada.”

In fact, some of the nursery’s largest customers include properties on the Las Vegas Strip, as well as casino/resorts off the strip such as Red Rock Casino Resort & Spa.

Moon Valley Nursery has locations in Arizona, California, Florida, Nevada and Texas. There are three locations in Las Vegas. TSI got the pleasure of visiting the Summerlin nursery, located at 5311 W. Charleston Blvd., Las Vegas NV 89146 and is open 7 days a week Monday – Saturday 7:30 a.m. – 6 p.m. Sunday 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.

The W. Charleston location is more than just a tree and plant nursery – it’s also a mini-zoo! The zoo includes turtles (both desert and water), a large Koi fish pond, several different breeds of domestic short hair cats, and numerous tropical birds including toucans and Macaws.

According to Coldren, Moon Valley Nursery has nearly 20 birds. Most of them are brightly multi-colored Macaws, which are long-tailed, New World parrots. They are popular as companion parrots (pets). However, the star of the show was a 40-year-old white Macaw bird (cockatoo) named Cool-Whip. Coldren told TSI that Cool-Whip has been featured on more than a few Animal Planet shows and has had his picture appear in local newspapers and magazines.

As far tropical plants are concerned the nursery has many different trees and plants that popular one that they say is the Bird of Paradise Plant (flower). The plant, which is native to South Africa, grows well in tropical or desert environments. The plant gets its name because of its flower’s resemble birds-of-paradise; a very colorful tropical bird. In South Africa it is commonly known as a crane flower and is featured on the reverse of the 50 cent coin. It is the floral emblem of the City of Los Angeles.

All Moon Valley Nursery locations are open to the public and there is no charge for admittance. In addition, Summerlin location with its mini-zoo is also free and open to the public.

Interview and Story By: Sandra Eadie

Photography By: Michelle Frese, Cassie Hitchcock, Joey Thomas

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Tropical rainforests occur in areas of a tropical climate in which there is no dry season, all months have an average precipitation (or rainfall) of at least 24 inches, and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest. Some people call the place a tropical jungle as well, because it looks like a jungle, but is a rainforest.

The tropical rainforest has an emergent layer, canopy layer, and understory layer. A majority of the largest trees of the rainforest, growing up to 100 to 150 feet in height, are found in the emergent layer. The canopy layer is shorter and forms an umbrella type of overhang. The understory layer in the tropical rainforest is between the forest floor and the canopy, and it receives only 5% of the sunlight. The emergent layer, understory layer, and canopy layer, help the plants, trees, and the rainforests grow bigger when the rain comes.

  • The five countries with the largest area of rainforest are Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Peru and Columbia.
  • The Valdivia Temperate Rainforest, in Chile, is famous for its endemic plants and 150 foot tall trees, as well as its rare animal species.
  • If a rainforest is Temperate, that means it has average temperatures between 4 degrees and 12 degrees Celsius, and receives a large amount of rainfall.
  • Temperate rainforests are found in limited numbers in the world mostly in regions near the ocean where moisture is abundant.
  • The Amazon Rainforest, in Brazil, covers an impressive area of 7 million square kilometers (or 1.7 billion acres).
  • The Hainan Province is home to China’s only tropical rainforest, which contains 25 percent of China’s mammal diversity and 33 percent of the country’s bird diversity.
  • Madagascar, a country off the coast of Africa, has tropical rainforest abundant with orchids. There are more than one thousand varieties.
  • The rainforests of Indonesia are on the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea.
  • There are lots of animals that live in the rainforest, like apes, monkeys, and reptile, but the big cats are the most exciting. In the rainforest you will find Jaguar, Panthers, Tigers, and Ocelots. Tigers are the real king of the jungle.

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Roses originated 35 million years ago according to fossil evidence. The gardening cultivation is said to have started 5, 000 years ago, possibly in china. there is over 150 different species of roses in the northern hemisphere. roses are the symbol of love and when we have love we can let love live forever.

Rose Instructions;

Cutting Instructions;

Step 1. Take a square piece of paper and fold it diagonal to make a triangle.

Step 2. Fold the triangle in half 2 more times.

Step 3. Cut the tip of the triangle in an arc to make an oval petal shape.

Step 4. Repeat step 1-4 at least 2 more time. you can make more petals if you desire.

Gluing Instructions;

Step 1. Take one of the 4 leaf petals that you made and twist 1 of the petals to the right and glue it tom make the center of the flower.

Step 2. Glue the center that you made from step 1 onto a new leaf petal..

Step 3. Glue the forming flower onto another 4 leaf petal in alternating pattern.

Step 4. Repeat step 3 as many times as you want for a fuller flower.

Written By; Joshua Filippo layout by; Michelle Frese, Dana Caenen, Josef Thomas

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Imagine going on a tropical fishing trip! You are getting your supplies for that trip: when all of a sudden, you recognize at last moment, you forgot to get extra bait for the fish you wanted to catch! Now, what do you do? Well, before you scare the fish away in frustration, we at Circles Magazine would like to direct you to Bass Pro Shop! The closest one to us and the only one in Las Vegas is at the Silverton Hotel and Casino on 8200 Dean Martin Drive.

At The Bass pro shops, they have an assortment of gear not just for hunting but fishing as well. During our trip through Bass Pro Shops we had a chance to meet Jerry, the head of the fishiing department and he was very knowledgable about the section he works in. We asked him about tropical fishing versus lake fishing, what the best rod to use for the tropics is, what fish primary do people fish for in the tropics, which coast had the better fishing Pacific or Atlantic, and other fishing related topics. Interms of the lake versus tropical fishing Jerry said “It is really a personal preference at the end of the day.” In terms of what fish people fish for, he said, “Tuna is the most common fish”. One of the last topics that we talked about is which coast had the better fishing, the Pacific or Atlantic? He said, “Off the coast of Florida and off the Coast of California are the best fishing spots for Deep Fishing.” Bass Pro Shops, it seems to just be a fishing place to the common folk. But it is more than just hunting or fishing. You can find both there and see all the hard work that goes into this successful franchise. So, the next time you go to Bass, remember not to scare the fish.

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1. Blow up balloon to the desired size.

2. Pour a small amount Cra Z art washable clear glue into a bowl. To make three fish, use 1/4 cup of Cra Z art washable glue.

3. Slowly add warm water to the Cra Z art washable Clear glue. Mix the Cra Z art washable clear glue to a consistency of puddling.

4. Dip the newspaper strips one at a time into the bowl of Cra Z art washable clear glue. Do not fully submerge or soak them as they will start if too saturated.Squeeze the strips between two fingers to remove excess Cra Z art washable clear glue and lumps as you remove them from the bowl.

5. Wrap the wet paper strips around the balloon in crisscrossing patterns for strength. Apply a couple of layers over the knot where you tied the balloon off.

6. Rest the fish on a plastic cup or blow as you prepare the next strip.

7. Continue attaching strips until the entire balloon is covered and there are no thin areas or spaces exposed. Smooth out any bumps or wrinkles and remove any excess Cra Z art washable clear glue with your hands.

8. Place the fish (on the cup or blow) on the table to dry overnight. It may take a day or two to completely dry depending on the air.

9. Check the balloon the following morning and rotate the fish’s position on the cup or blow. The section of the balloon that is in the cup or blow. The section of the balloon that is in the cup or blow tends to dry a bit slower and will need to be exposed to dry throunghly so place in front of fan.

10. Design fins and cut them out of a recycled Styrofoam board. Test the fit of each fin on the curve of the balloon.

Written by: Briana Brooks and Jacob Chin

DIY Paper Mache Tropical Fish: Briana Brooks, Jacob Chin, Nathan Moench

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Yes, you read that correctly, Las Vegas does have an indoor skydiving center, located on 200 Convention Center Drive! It’s one of the first indoor skydiving places in the United States, and possibly the world, when it opened in 1982, and we at Circles Magazine had the chance to go!

Before you have the chance to, “earn your wings,” keep this in your back of your mind, it’s their maximum weight for men and women at different heights: men that are under 5′ 6″ tall cannot weigh more than 190 pounds, similarly women that are under 5′ 6″ tall cannot weigh more than 170 pounds. Men that are over 5′ 6″ but are under 6′ cannot weigh more than 230 pounds, while women that are over 5′ 6″ but under 6′ cannot weigh more than 190 pounds. Lastly, if you are over 6′ you cannot weigh more than 245 pounds (men) and 210 pounds (women). You do not need experience in skydiving, indoors or outdoors, to take part. Pricing to do indoor skydiving at the Vegas Indoor Skydiving facility starts at US$75.00 per person and goes up to US$1,000; all of their packages include training, equipment, and professional instructions. Also, walk-ins are allowed just on a first come first serve basis, and, Vegas Indoor Skydiving is open seven days a week opening at 9:30 am and closing when their is not a lot of customer activity.

We at Circles Magazine also had the opportunity to interview Rob Stone, one of the main instructors at Vegas Indoor Skydiving. The interview was done by Joey Thomas.

Do you have to sign a waiver?

Yes you do, because, it is an extreme sport and runs a higher risk then skiing, snowboarding or playing basketball.

How long have you been around for, and how many locations do you have?

This is it right here, this is the first one, it was built in 1982 and I’ve been around for 11 years.

How do people land?

You don’t land, instead you used a tuck and roll technique.

Do you offer discounts and if so to whom?

Yes, we offer discounts to our military and our officers, basically our locals.

How safe is it?

Again it’s a an extreme sport there are risks of getting hurt.

What is your favorite memory of being an instructor?

Well, teaching my niece to do indoor skydiving and there was a woman who was 104 years old.

Has anyone ever gotten hurt from doing indoor skydiving?

Yes, there has been a few sprang ankles.

There you have it, our adventure at the Vegas Indoor Skydiving has come to a close, but the memory will last a lifetime for those that went. I hope this post will inspire you to do the same.

Lead: Michelle Frese

Interview: Joey Thomas

Video: Stacey Foster

Photography: Sondra Roehr and Terrence Jeffers

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The Rex Center is a great place to experience fun and fool of adventure electric go carts, mini golf, laser tag, and rock climbing wall. You can use it 11 months out of the year. Laser tag is a team building game. Up to 40 people at once Can be on A team. Or by yourself, all the activities are different.

The activities are good exercise. The Rex Center is a program that helps troubled teens. They were Vandalizing the mall. This place was a way to do their homework, eat and stay out of trouble. They give them chores to do, It started in 2018. Laser tag can be up to 40 people. It is a good hand eye coronation skill.

The Rex Center is located inside the boulevard mall at 3680 South Maryland Parkway, Suite #175 Las Vegas Nevada 89169. 

Hours open – Wednesday – Monday 11:00 am-7 pm, closed Tuesday. Price is $ 7 per Adult or $12 for two attractions, $30.00 for two hours. Friday-Sunday, $10 per attraction, $15.00 for two attractions, or $40.00 for two hours.

Interview and pictures by: Cassandra Hitchcock

Sound Recorder and pictures by Jeremy Holland

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October 1, 2017 “The day of the Las Vegas shooting was kinda like a normal day at first except, who knew that it wouldn’t end like any other day previously. There were sounds of gun shots ringing through the TV on air. News reporters kept on talking about the fatalities and people kept on calling and texting me to see if I was okay. Even though I was okay, the fact that I saw people lose their lives on TV, it changed people’s lives, united Las Vegas and created the “Vegas Strong” movement. Not only was the movement created, the Vegas community came together and with the help of a few volunteers and created the healing garden for those who were victim survivors of the October 1st Las Vegas shooting.”- Josef Thomas

As for the healing garden, here are my coworker’s, experiences, and their point of view.

“Even though the Las Vegas shooting was tragic and an upsetting experience. After the Las Vegas shooting, the community and volunteers created the healing garden. Their decorations really were eye catching. The surrounding music enhanced the experience and made it an appealing and brightening experience”. – Michelle Frese

“When I went to the Healing garden for the first time I understood why the healing garden was built, but I cannot express how much sympathy I give to all the victims and families when the Las Vegas shooting took place. Especially as we approach the 2nd anniversary of the late Las Vegas shooting incident, we can all give a day to grieve and give our respects to those who have fallen when the incident occured”. – Justin Freeman

(Justin Freeman, Michelle Frese, Josef Thomas)

Written By: Michelle Frese, Justin Freeman, Josef Thomas

Photos By: Justin Freeman and Jacob Chinn

Address: 1015 S. Casino Center Blvd., Las Vegas, NV 89101

Phone Number: 702-997-3350


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Coach Dean began his volunteering career when he participated in the over the edge event. This took place at the Rio Hotel and Casino to raise money for Special Olympics. He successfully raised $1500 which got him a ticket repel down the 500 ft tower of the Rio Hotel. Dean was recommended by Harry Mong who was the Reginal director of Special Olympics at the time. Harry Mong thought that Dean had the right personality and really enjoyed what he was doing. In 2015 Dean started his coaching career as the assistant swim coach under Amanda Gillman. Two years later he became coach of the Henderson Dolphins swim team. Coach Dean would teach and train his swim team various styles including Freestyle, butterfly, breast stroke, back stroke, and relays. Races are 50m to 200m in length. Practice would begin in March and run through June. Practice was once a week and they prepared for Regionals in May. At Regionals swimmers would qualify for the Special Olympics in June, which takes place in Reno Nevada. Coach Dean has always been influenced by the athletes themselves. He is inspired by the grit determination and courage that they all bring to become athletes for the Special Olympics. “My future plans are to keep coaching athletes for the Special Olympics.” One day he would like to train an athlete that would one day make it to the state level which is held every four years.

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