Developed by Hawaiian Polynesian settlers in 1894 – Hula is called “kahiho” and when performed is accompanied by a chant in their praise of the chiefs of their tribe.

The Hula skirt was originally made of “kupe”.  The flowers, shells, and feathers to cover the dancers from the waist to their ankles. They also used the kupe for decorations, bracelets and necklaces to distinguish each tribe.

Hula skirts now, are made of corn husks, raffia, or straw instead of the traditional tree bark. The Hula skirt being of old tradition, is now preserved by Polynesian ancestors performing Hula dancing and performing at special festive functions called “Luau’s”.

Traditional Hula Dancing is made up of steps that define each movement performed let’s start with the first move.

Step One: Uehe

To start the “uehe”, lead with your right leg for 32 times.

  1. Stand with your feet apart 2 feet, with your hands in a fist position in front of your hips.
  2. Elevate your right foot from the floor and swing hips to the left.
  3. With the ball of your right foot stomp on the floor, lifting both heels and bringing your knees out to the outside.
  4. Put your right heel down and take your left foot up as you move your hips to the right.
  5. Stomp ball of your left foot to the floor, lifting both heels, bringing your knees to the outside.
  6. Continue the steps two through five several times before changing to next step.

Step Two:  Hela

Continue from the last step, put your hands to your hips and ready yourself for the “Hela”, starting with right foot for 48 times. Start with right foot.

  1. Put in front of you your right foot to the floor, turning your body slightly to the right.
  2. Put your right foot beside the left foot to return to the center.
  3. Put your left foot to the floor in front of you, turning you’re your body slightly to the left.
  4. Put your left foot beside the right foot to return to center.
  5. Continue these steps four times with hands to your hips.
  6. For a couple of more rounds, 16 times, remove your hands  from your hips, and bring them slowly up so your arms are even to the floor, your palms in front of you and facing the floor.
  7. Finish the step with your feet side by side.

Step Three: Kaholo

The kaholo step is next. Take your arms and legs from one side to the other and coordinate the placing of them.

  1. Put your right foot out and to the right and as you extend right arm out to the right.
  2. Put left foot to the right, as you make the steps together.
  3. Repeat your right foot to the right again.
  4. Now tap left foot inward to the right.
  5. With your left arm extend to the left and bring your right hand to your chest and step to the left.
  6. Put your right foot in toward the left.
  7. Put your left foot further to the left.
  8. Put your right foot in toward the left. 9 Continue these steps three times. You can vary this move some by trying the “ kawelu . This is placing one foot behind the other on steps two and six, than stepping together

Step Four: Tamau Ami Combination

Performing this step will be alternating between tamau and ami.

  1. See where you left off on the step kaholo. Your left arm was extended out to the left and right hand was in front of your chest.
  2. Put your right foot beside your left and move the end of your right arm out to the right while you lift left heel off the floor slightly and swing hips to the right.
  3. Put your left heel down and lift your right some as you swing your hips to the left.
  4. You will repeat steps 2 and 3 one more time.
  5. Swerve your hips counter-clockwise for a count of four.
  6. Now you will do an eight count between the tamau at half-tempo (hit one, hold two), swing your hips four times, and count eight times for the ami, rotating your hips four times. Continue these actions for a total of 64 counts, which is continued completely four times.
  7. Continue the same sets again at full tempo for 32 times before moving onto the kalakaua move.

Step Five: Ka’o

The swaying of the hips from side to side in a smooth motion

Written By:   Cassandra Hitchcock and Amy Toner

Drawing by: Briana Brooks

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The first official stage of a tropical cyclone is a tropical depression meaning that a low pressure area is accompanied by thunderstorms that move in a circular wind flow with winds below 39 mph. It forms a cyclone when circulation becomes more organized and the wind speeds exceed 39 mph to 75 mph.

Ever wonder how hurricanes get their names, and why hurricanes have names at all? Meteorologists long ago learned that naming tropical storms and hurricanes help people remember them and makes communication about them more effective. The gender of the names changes every year with all even number years the storms are named after women and all odd years they are named after men. So in 2019 all hurricanes will be in men’s name and next year will be all women names. Stay safe if and when a particular storm strikes a coast.

A typical hurricane lasts between 12-24 hrs. But a hurricane can also sustain itself for as long as a month, as Hurricane John did in 1994.

When they’re no longer being fed water vapor by a warm ocean or in the presence of wind shear (variation in wind velocity occurring along a direction at right angles to the wind’s direction and tending to exert a turning force) which disrupts their structure. While both of these conditions can occur over open water, they mostly abrupt “death” of the storm. That happens when hurricanes come ashore over large land mass.

There are no category 6 hurricanes. Meteorologists measure hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Which classifies storms from weakest category 1 to strongest category 5 based on their maximum sustained wind speeds. Some storms are also more intense, reaching wind speeds of over 200 miles per hour.

Hurricane Katrina was so destructive way beyond measure! Primarily because levees around New Orleans, Louisiana failed (levees are water barriers built to prevent flooding.) Parts of New Orleans have an elevation that is lower than sea level. Very heavy winds also contributed the damage, but flooding was the most destructive aspect of the hurricane.

The Great Galveston Hurricane known regionally as the Great Storm of 1900. It was the deadliest natural disaster in United States history. It was one of the most cataclysmic and fourth deadliest Atlantic hurricane overall.

Wrtten by: Amy Toner and Daniel Romero

Layout and design by Daniel Romero

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“Tropical fish”, Where do you think they would be? Probably anywhere but in the desert would fit that description. Especially not in Las Vegas. But, there is a store here that has tropical fish. In fact they have “Trop” in the name! That place is Trop Aquarium at 3125 E. Tropicana Ave.

Trop Aquarium is a massive tropical fish store. With so many fish to sell and so many tanks, you would think that it would be hard to keep track of it all. For the most part it probably is; but as we interviewed Nicole, the Manager of Trop Aquarium, she seems like a person who will take charge of any situation at the store.

Nicole, Manager of Trop Aquarium

Q: Why did you choose Las Vegas to open the shop?
A: “The store started in California, then moved here in 1978 and we been here for 41 years.”
Q: Are there any major competitors for your fish?
A:“There are others, but not really any competition.”
Q: Why did you do a video tour on YouTube?
A:“The more exposure the better!”
Q: What is your busiest time of the year?
A: “Summer is the slowest time, but we are busy all year round.”
Q: Do you have any more locations where people can get tropical fish?
A: “This is the only location.”
Q: How many different tropical fish do you have?
A: “Hundreds of different kinds of fish.”
Q: Which type of tropical fish do you have more of freshwater or saltwater? How many of that type do you have?
A: “Freshwater fish, there is too many fish to keep inventory of, but it’s a 2/3 majority.”
Q: Which fish is you’re most popular to sell?
A: “The Feeder Goldfish.”
Q: Where do you get your fish from?
A: “Most fish are imported from Los Angeles.”
Q: Do you instruct customers how to care for the fish?
A: “Absolutely, we do instruct customers how to take care of their fish.”

Trop Aquarium’s team, led by Nicole, is a nice knowledgeable staff. She and her team helped us learn not only about their fish that they sell, but also about their environment . So the next time you decide to go to buy a fish, go to the Trop Aquarium!

Written by Justin Freeman

Interviewer: Justin Freeman
Photography: Tim Roberts and Derek Gendvil
Recording/Audio: Kyren Ford
Photography Scout:Robert Klag

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When you think about tropical clothes what do you think of? Our team had a lot of fun with that question. We let our creativity run wild. Here are some interpretations of tropical clothes that the Circle’s team came up with.

Art work by: Amy Toner, Daniel Frederick II, Elizabeth Suarez and Stephanie Schoppmann

Layout by: Eric Washington, Austin Green Nathaniel Carney and Josef Thomas

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Yes, you read that correctly, Las Vegas does have an indoor skydiving center, located on 200 Convention Center Drive! It’s one of the first indoor skydiving places in the United States, and possibly the world, when it opened in 1982, and we at Circles Magazine had the chance to go!

Before you have the chance to, “earn your wings,” keep this in your back of your mind, it’s their maximum weight for men and women at different heights: men that are under 5′ 6″ tall cannot weigh more than 190 pounds, similarly women that are under 5′ 6″ tall cannot weigh more than 170 pounds. Men that are over 5′ 6″ but are under 6′ cannot weigh more than 230 pounds, while women that are over 5′ 6″ but under 6′ cannot weigh more than 190 pounds. Lastly, if you are over 6′ you cannot weigh more than 245 pounds (men) and 210 pounds (women). You do not need experience in skydiving, indoors or outdoors, to take part. Pricing to do indoor skydiving at the Vegas Indoor Skydiving facility starts at US$75.00 per person and goes up to US$1,000; all of their packages include training, equipment, and professional instructions. Also, walk-ins are allowed just on a first come first serve basis, and, Vegas Indoor Skydiving is open seven days a week opening at 9:30 am and closing when their is not a lot of customer activity.

We at Circles Magazine also had the opportunity to interview Rob Stone, one of the main instructors at Vegas Indoor Skydiving. The interview was done by Joey Thomas.

Do you have to sign a waiver?

Yes you do, because, it is an extreme sport and runs a higher risk then skiing, snowboarding or playing basketball.

How long have you been around for, and how many locations do you have?

This is it right here, this is the first one, it was built in 1982 and I’ve been around for 11 years.

How do people land?

You don’t land, instead you used a tuck and roll technique.

Do you offer discounts and if so to whom?

Yes, we offer discounts to our military and our officers, basically our locals.

How safe is it?

Again it’s a an extreme sport there are risks of getting hurt.

What is your favorite memory of being an instructor?

Well, teaching my niece to do indoor skydiving and there was a woman who was 104 years old.

Has anyone ever gotten hurt from doing indoor skydiving?

Yes, there has been a few sprang ankles.

There you have it, our adventure at the Vegas Indoor Skydiving has come to a close, but the memory will last a lifetime for those that went. I hope this post will inspire you to do the same.

Lead: Michelle Frese

Interview: Joey Thomas

Video: Stacey Foster

Photography: Sondra Roehr and Terrence Jeffers

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When Max wanted to reduce his monthly water bill he needed a solution that was smart and efficient, so what did he do? He called Transitions Services landscape maintenance division Yards 4 U and got the ball rolling. The Yards 4 U crew consisting of Shon Powell, Frank Adams, Richard Brown, Enrique Atkinson and Michelle Ramirez got to work on a hot, sunny day and made the difference as they plunged into the daunting task. They started by completely removing the water guzzling grass components that were struggling to survive in the Las Vegas heat. The grass was replaced by water efficient rocks and plants and the place LOOKS GREAT!!!

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A long time ago, Las Vegas had The MGM Grand Theme Park. The plan was to create a theme park that was suitable for children and adults. With the
theme representing the “Wizards of Oz,” a yellow brick road was installed
which guided guests from inside of the hotel leading them to the theme park entrance. The theme park was 33 acres in size and really had a feel like, Disneyland Hollywood Studios/Universal Studios. December 18th, 1993 was the opening of the theme park. It provided attractions including shows, roller coasters and water rides.
The shows featured pirates and a Halloween themed haunted house. Other
rides include the Haunted Mine, Grand Canyon Rapids, Deep Earth
Exploration, and the Lightning Bolt. The park never met its expectations and in 2007 the park closed in order for the MGM to make space for swimming pools and conference facilities. Even though the MGM Grand Theme park was not a success, it opened the doors for other hotels to have thrill rides of their own.
Some of these casinos were, New York New York with the Manhattan Express roller coaster, Buffalo Bills with the Desperado Roller Coaster, and Circus Circus with the Canyon Blaster roller coaster.

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