Why should my dog lose weight?

As few as five pounds above the ideal body weight can put your dog at risk for developing some serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, when a dog is overweight or obese it no longer is a question of if your dog will develop a condition secondary to the excess weight but how soon and how serious. Some of the common disorders associated with excess weight include:

  1. Type 2 diabetes
  2. Heart disease
  3. Increased frequency of joint injuries
  4. High blood pressure
  5. Some forms of cancer – especially intra-abdominal cancers

Overweight and obese dogs are usually having shorter lives than their fitter, normal weight counterparts. Heavy dogs tend to physically interact less with their families and are less energetic and playful. Because they tend to lie around more, it is easier to overlook early signs of illness, since we may attribute their lethargy to their daily routine.

When you are introducing a new diet to your dog, you should allow about a week to make the transition. To minimize digestive upsets, mix the old and new diets together in gradually increasing proportions. Start by feeding one-quarter of the new diet mixed with three-quarters of the old diet for one to two days, then increase to half and half for another two days, then three-quarters new food and one-quarter old food for a final two to three days before completely switching to the new diet.

The first thing you can do to help your dog lose weight is to increase the intensity and length of your daily walks. You should aim for a daily brisk 30-minute walks. Move the food bowl upstairs or downstairs, changing its location frequently so that the dog always has to walk to get to its food bowl. Do not leave food out while you’re away from home. You can’t control who eats what when you’re not around.



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We at Circles picked out our favorite dog & cat treats to showcase for you. We also chose the more unique and interesting dog & cat treats to share with you. Pictured above are those cat & dog treats.



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The Nightmare Before Christmas, directed by Henry Selick (who also directed Coraline) and produced by Tim Burton (director of Beetlejuice, Mars Attacks!, and Frankenweenie), is a stop-motion animated movie released on October 29, 1993 by Disney’s Touchstone banner, and features the voices of Chris Sarandon as Jack Skellington; the Pumpkin King, and Catherine O’ Hara as Sally; the ragdoll, and Jack’s love interest. The movie is about the city of Halloweentown, full of ghosts, goblins, monsters, witches, vampires, and werewolves (yes; that’s the city that has werewolves and vampires), and the king is none other than Jack Skellington, and he gave the folks a frightening scare in Halloweentown. However, time progresses as he got tired of the same thing, having Halloween every day, so he goes to Holidaytown, where said city celebrates the Holidays. His obsession of Holidaytown results him to have a plan for Halloweentown, and that is to kidnap Santa Claus (or as he refer to as, Sandy Claws), and also vision a scary themed version of the Holidays. Though, the Holidays to me are the worst, thanks to family coming over.

This movie is an amazing combination between Halloween and the Holidays. Usually, having an idea where it intertwined can go overboard, but this movie, even execution alone, is outstanding. The character depth also works in the film, where the personalities are to be scary, but also care. The songs, composed and written by Danny Elfman, are some of the best in Holiday musicals. It could be good as a play, even. So, Circles Magazine recommends you see it! It’s a spirit you’ll see every Halloween or the Holidays, and you won’t regret this. For this is no nightmare, it’s a happy dream come true, especially for Jack Skellington!

polar express movie poster


Welcome to the Polar Express, a book written in 1985 by Chris Van Allsburg. It’s a book about a little boy who hears a train whistle, and what luck! It’s a train that would take him and the rest of the kids to the North Pole to see Santa and the elves. It is an outstanding Christmas book for many people. The book was listed on the Top 100 Best Picture Books during the 2012 poll by School Library Journal. Heck, there’s even a movie with Tom Hanks as the train conductor. What I learned is the fact that you believe what you believe, and as you grow older, Santa will always be there. You’ll never find a train ride that’s more exhilarating than this!

Based on the book, the Polar Express movie is the story of a nameless boy living in a 1950’s American suburb whose crumbling belief in Santa Claus is bolstered when on one snowy Christmas Eve, a phantom steam train pulls up in front of his house, and a kindly conductor invites him to take a ride to the North Pole. Most of the movie, was

created by digital animators, an example of what you see in big budget blockbuster movies these days. Many of the body movements and voice performances are done by Tom Hanks, whom also happens to be the executive producer. It is one amazing magical ride, and one with a real life rendition you can visit.

Every year, during the Christmas Holiday Season, children can go with their parents and other family members to the Williams Train Depot in Williams, Arizona on specific dates and times so the train can take your family as well as all of the other attending families on a train ride that lasts exactly 90 minutes. From November, the train becomes a magical journey to the North Pole. Everyone hops on the train, sings Christmas carols, drinks hot cocoa, and listens to the story of the Polar Express. There is even a fun surprise for the kids, they are each given a bell to remind them of the Christmas spirit just like in the book! The train at the railway has also done a great job to create memories for the children. The train ride is about 30 minutes each way to and from the North Pole, even if you don’t know the story very well, you will have a stupendously fun time. The train is operated by Santa’s elves and during the train ride Santa and his elves will be singing Christmas Carols and spreading Christmas joy and merriment throughout the entire ride. All passengers of the train, will be given gifts and the best of wishes by Saint Nicholas himself! So if you would like to join in with the fun you’re going to need to book your ride way in advance, because space on the train is limited. So good luck with the task of being on the train. In addition, if distance or scheduling conflicts get in your way a Boulder City version is right next door. Ranging in cost from 14-20 dollars a person “The Pajama Train” is correctly named, because you must arrive in pajamas to ride it. Dress code is strictly enforced… only kidding, so grab a ticket and catch a ride for the holidays.

polar express real life










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1. Best Buy

2. Wal-Mart Super Storegroceries in cart

3. Jo Ann’s Fabric

4. Home Depot

5. Jared: The Galleria of Jewelry

6. Game Stop

7. Electronics Boutique

8. Fry’s Electronics

9. Sam’s

10. Albertson’s

11. Trader Joe’s

12. Target

13. K-mart

14. Kohl’stoys and hardware

15. JCpenny’s

16. Toys R Us

17. DSW Shoe Warehouse


19. Payless Shoe Source

20. NIKE

21. Williams Sonoma

22. Barnes & Noble

23. Ulta

24. Sport Chalet

25. Smith’s

You can find any kind of Christmas tree whether it’s tall, short, green, or even white. You can even find all different kinds of ornaments at  most stores in the Las Vegas, NV area. Some examples are Walmart, Target, and Kmart. Whether they are red, gold, or even little statues of gingerbread men; ornaments can end up being important for the holiday season when it comes to decorating. You can even go out and buy wreaths, wrapping paper, and Christmas lights!







When it comes to having holiday meals, you should go shopping for food that everybody eats. For example: Cornish hens, ham, mashed potatoes with gravy, corn, green beans, turkey soup, apple pie, or the average favorite pumpkin pie! You can go to stores close by that has a cheap price. That way you can get what you actually need, something delicious! Whether it’s at Walmart, Trader Joe’s, or Albertson’s.

When it comes to buying electronics, such as bigger curved television screens, movies, video games, and toys; you could go to Best Buy, Walmart, or even Fry’s Electronics! Toys ‘R’ Us also has plenty of toys for the kids. Such as bikes, board games, and stuffed animals. Another tidbit is going shopping on Black Friday which happens after Thanksgiving. It happens once a year. It’s almost like extreme Christmas shopping!

No matter what day it is Christmas falls on December 25. So shopping should be imperative for the holidays because everybody has to get ready for the main event. When the Christmas morning comes, every man, woman and every child will be up and about; especially rushing for their presents to see what they have got!






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Hispanic museum artifacts

Las Vegas is a diverse and multicultural city with everything from art to dance to museums and malls, it seems that you can find any kind of culture whether it be the food or just the sayings that go with that culture.

The Asian community in Las Vegas has a rich culture that is enriched by the presence of the Asian Community Resource Center, who were kind enough to speak with Circles Magazine about their mission and the cultural events that they sponsor. Recently, the center sponsored Unity, an event to celebrate Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month and was held at the Flamingo Theater inside the Clark County Library. We spoke to Victor at the center and he was happy to give us information on how well the center interacts with the surrounding diverse community and the services they provide, for more information log on to  www.lvacrc.org.

Just down the street from them located in the Boulevard Mall is The Hispanic Museum of Southern Nevada,

different country dress

displaying artifacts from the many Hispanic cultures of the state with styles that compliment the lifestyles of all of the rich cultures from countries such as Peru, Columbia, Puerto Rico, Mexico and Brazil. The  museum survives on donations so be generous when you decide to visit this wonderful representative of the Hispanic community. Let us not forget about the art community in Las Vegas, well represented in the Arts District that is located in the downtown area. Here, you can find a plethora of great art by local artists and sculptures. Along with that is a multifaceted music community with all styles of musical artists that bloom and prosper throughout the valley. We recently interviewed Angela Kerfoot from the local band Kerfoot&Dau. We asked her about the local music community in Las Vegas and she gave us some insight on the local scene. She explained the diversity of music in the city and talked about her own music and experiences playing in Las Vegas, to see the full interview log on to www.circlesmagazine.org.

Our own Ariel Valentine asked her some questions:

What is the difference between local music and mainstream music to you?

Angela: “Technically, mainstream music is funded by managers, who are investors, who already have long running connections to radio, and are ready to sell something on the radio, like a product. Meanwhile, local music is more independent, and a more artistic angle that is managed by the musicians themselves, and not funded by investors.” How do you feel about the entertainment here in the community?

Angela: “It’s at a turning point where it’s huge. Las Vegas has more local bands and musicians than there were before. Examples would be Imagine Dragons, or The Killers, or Panic! at the Disco, or any other musician here.”

Ariel: “And also, Five Finger Death Punch, because they also formed here in Vegas.”

Angela: “Right. Those are basically global bands that came from the Las Vegas local band scene.” Whether it’s art, dance, music or food, Las Vegas has just about every diverse and ethnic culture throughout the valley. So don’t be left out, try them all.


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Final Plating

The rainbow is highly recognizable to the LGBT

community. LGBT stand for Lesbian, Gay, Bi, and

Transgender. The Rainbow Flag is most commonly

flown with the red stripe on top, as the colors

appear in a natural rainbow. The colors were

designed to symbolize: life (red), healing (orange),

sunlight (yellow), nature (green), harmony (blue),

and spirit (purple/violet). Circles created a LGBT

rainbow fruit kabob to recognize their community.


What You Need:Fruit Plate

• Strawberries,

halved & cored

• Cantaloupe, cut

into 1 inch pieces

• Pineapple, cut

into 1 inch pieces

• Green Grapes

• Blueberries

• Red Grapes

• Skewers


The rainbow flag was

invented in 1978


fruit picture1Directions:

1. Slide strawberry through the skewer, leaving 3

inches for a handle.

2. Slide a cantaloupe through meeting the strawberry.

3. Slide a pineapple meeting the cantaloupe.

4. Slide a green grape meeting the pineapple.

5. Slide two blueberries meeting the green grape (one

at a time).

6. Finish by adding a red grape.

7. Repeat 1-6 until you have no more fruit, or skewers.

8. Arrange the kabobs to make a rainbow shape.

9. Enjoy!

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 Urban Legends and Spooky Haunts             2

Within the heart of Las Vegas you will find that it carries urban legends and haunted places that are not just on the strip. Here are a few, and judge for yourself! Is it haunted? Do you dare to go and see for yourself? Is the urban legend you have always heard about hold true? Check it out!


Fox Ridge Park1 is said to be haunted by the ghost of a young boy at night. He is often found swinging on the swing set. Do not disturb him if you see him because if he is bothered, he will take on a demonic form and then disappear. When it comes to schools and daycare these two have spooky! Dell H. Robison Middle School where new students have been haunted by the ghost of a janitor. He has been spotted in the hallways with bloody hands. It is also said that the janitor will follow newbies home after they spot him and the only way to end his haunting is by attending church.


Little Choo Choo Daycare is no longer open, but a restless spirit of a small boy haunts the location. It is said he has been spotted with a shovel in the sandbox. The daycare closed after a teacher’s suicide, and the accidental death of a child that was pinned to the tracks under a toy train.

Underneath Las Vegas there are many miles of flood tunnels.  The Sandhill and Charleston Tunnels 3have had reports of strange occurrences. There have been reports of mysterious voices belonging to a man and woman rumored to have been killed there.



Even hotels and casinos are not immune. The Flamingo Hotel and Casino4 is said to be inhabited by former residentBugsy Siegel who opened and ran the establishment. Although Siegel died in CA, his spirit is rumored to be attached to the hotel. With the abundant personal touches that he made, it seems that even after his demise, he is still enjoying this building. There have also been reports about a maid who worked on the 21st floor. The maid committed suicide plunging to her death out of the window of a room she was cleaning. It is said she longed for her own vacation, and grew tired of watching others on theirs. In the room from which she jumped, you can hear her sighs of longing, and sadness.



The Curse of the Megabucks suggests not long after winning the big jackpot, the winners all died due to tragic unforeseen accidents. So does that go with the old adage “In order to win big, you have to lose big”?


The Hoover Dam took 5 years to build and 4 million plus cubic yards of concrete. While building the dam almost 100 workers lost their lives.  Rumor is that some of their bodies remain buried in the concrete. Truth is, the concrete was poured in small increments and allowed to dry before pouring the next batch. If anyone would have fallen into the wet concrete, they would have been quickly pulled out.

Area 51 is a popular urban legend locale. It remains to be one of the deserts big mysteries. Always under a veil of secrecy it’s been said they conceal and conduct studies on extraterrestrial life.


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For most civilizations, the objective is to thrive and expand. in order to these  civilizations to do so, weapons needed to be used. Throughout time, leaders have g one to great measures to make sure that they are not defeated against the enemy. Some of these measures and tactics were very unique. Weapons have been around for quite some time!

It is speculated that man began to use weapons as early as five million years ago. However, this cannot be confir med using the evidence we have today. The earliest weapon ever found are the Schöninger Speere: eight wooden throwing spears, believed to be more than 300,000 years old. That is still a very long time!

Man overboard! In 1865 when a Uruguayan ship ran out of cannonballs while at war with Brazil, they decided to fire stale Dutch cheese at their enemies. One of the cheeses used actually dismasted a ship.

I ate what?! Rebels of the Roman uprising would use a substance known as maddening honey, toxic honey made from a poisonous plant. They gave it to the Romans, who were eager to eat the sweet substance. Soon after consumption, the soldiers would become delirious and nauseous, leading to an easy defeat.


Kindergarten for Soldiers After losing several battles Egypt decided that it was time to build an army. Boys were signed up as young as 5 years old. However, they didn’t actually start fighting until they were 20 years old.

The Need for Speed In trained hands, a bow and arrow were 12 times faster than early guns because the guns took a long time to load and fire.

Manners have always been important It was proper for a man to walk with a lady on his left, so that his right arm was free. The reason to have a free right arm was to have easy access to his sword. The right arm was known as the sword arm.



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In modern times cosmetics play a key role in the beauty routine of many people.  They are sold everywhere, are generally affordable, and the main purpose is to make us look good and feel better about ourselves. The original use of cosmetics was much different. From Egypt, to the Greek and Roman empires, cosmetics were used for medical treatments, religious ceremonies and the determination of social classes.

Ancient Egyptians believed cosmetics has a magical power. They were also makeup-accessories used in many religious rituals and it was believed that eye shadows warded off evil spirts. Eye paints, also played a pivotal role in the afterlife; as it was believed that to enter the Realm of Osiris, one must first purify himself, dress in white garments, anoint themselves and apply make-up. Ointments, saeves, and pastes were created to treat burns and scars. Kohl that was used to line eyes prevented eye infections and promoted production of nitrous oxide to strengthen the immune system.

In ancient Greece the idea of beauty consisted of pale skin and golden locks. They considered pale skin to be a sign of prestige and beauty and used white lead and water to lighten their complexions. Greeks moisturized their skin with honey, and to make their skin look shiny, olive oil was used.

In the Roman Empire only he wealthy could afford make-up and ancient Romans believed women who smelled good were presumed to be healthy. Romans also believed that pale skin was a sign of a higher social status and like the Greeks, they used lead based whiteners on their skin. The appearance of their skin was very important so they applied an ointment of swan’s fat, bean meal, and milk to lessen the appearance of wrinkles, freckles, sunspots, blemishes and flaky skin.

In ancient China, fingernails were painted to represent social status and lower classes were forbidden to wear bright colors on their nails.trying-makup

Although some uses for cosmetics have changed; one thing will always be true, appearance is important and looking good never goes out of style.

green circles

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Inventions are defined as “products of the imagination that can later be developed into usable devices, methods, or processes.”


Even in the modern times in which we live, and the latest technologies that are still being developed, some items that were created at the dawn of civilization are crucial to society even to this day.

Steam Engines –  The concept of steam engines and the process  of harnessing steam and turning it into energy was first introduced by an ancient Greek engineer named Hero, and even modern day steam engines are based on his early concept. The engines helped to move heavy objects, and were the first real source of automatic energy They later became an important part of the Industrial Revolution.


Paper – In 4000 B.C., paper was first fertilized by Ancient Egyptians and was called Papyrus. Papyrus was a woven mat made of reeds pounded together into thin hard sheets. Even the word paper is actually derived from the word papyrus. Today, paper serves as an item used for writing on, packaging items, and making cleaning products.

Medicine – Ancient Egyptians struggle between good and evil. Ancient Egyptians were constantly studying and improving methods of finding cures for illness and promoting healing. They can even be credited with many surgical procedures, which are still widely used to this day.

Plumbing – Although Romans perfected the use of indoor plumbing; it was only affordable to the very wealthy. In today’s society, the development of plumbing and sewer systems are important to the promotion of hygiene, carrying sewage though water lines to remove waste away from populated areas, preventing the spread of disease.



Roads- Ancients Romans improved the process of making roads by perfecting the process of creating concrete, as well as the paving process. They also perfected the art of stabilizing concrete by pouring foundations and allowing it to solidify. The roads were resistant to floods and environmental hazards, because of the improvement in design, many ancient roman roads still exist to this day. Modern roads are vital to travel, transportation, and to the economy; as they provide means of getting from place to place.Without all of these products created by great imaginations and ideas, where would we be?



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