Issue #19 – Planes

In 1903 the Wright brothers’ first airplane was high ark like one of the planes today.  Their first airplane was a two-seater and was small airplane that flew back and forth. While this event was happening in the United States, war was brewing. The airplane had carted man from ground to air travel both in America and around the world. Air travel was the tool that began World War I Yet it wasn’t until the Second World War that commercial aviation had became usable for the mass population.  Airports had begun to spring up all over, the first commercial flight in history had even occurred in the United States

wright brothers plane

On January 1, 1914 the plane was the Benoist XIV the Wright brothers’ first airplane piloted by Tony Janus and was still just a two-seater.  Just 3 years later the United States entered the First World War. After the event prices came down. The United States had created manufacturing Plants that were capable of making commercial aircraft affordable enough to allow for air travel for everyone. This was a big change from the beginning of the aviation era. While in world war two, airplanes of all types: fighters, bombers, and transports developed rapidly. Biplanes saw action in the early years of the war. Jet aircraft zoomed through the skies over Germany.

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1945 InThe Americans produced the most of the superior warplanes. Their interests moved forward to bigger better things, which made the golden age better. While the army profiled some of their civil airplanes.   The many companies like the Republic of north American Grumman, Boeing, Lock Herd, also Bell created 100,000 fighter planes also tens of thousands of heavy duty bombers.

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In 1939-1945 there were a lot of innovations in the world and there was a lot of bad weather at the time period so in response the radio wave and new Navigation Techniques such as airborne radar was invented. In Britain the Instrument landing system (ILS) for landing in bad weather is put into use in 1944.

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In 1947 the U.S. there was an air force pilot named Chuck Yeager who became the fastest man alive when he piloted the Bell X-1 faster. It was capable of moving faster than any sound. He broke the sound barrier on October 14th over the big town of Victorville’ California

yeager jet

In 1949 there was a prototype that was named de Havilland comet makes its first appearance it was the first jet powered Commercial aircraft.

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In the 1950’s B-52 bomber makes the B-52 bomber. It has eight turbo jet engines, intercontinental   range, and capacity of 500,000 pounds.

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In 1952 Richard Whitcomb an engineer at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical laboratory discovers and verifies an aircraft design concept known as the “area rule”.  A revolutionary method of designing aircraft to reduce drag and increase speed without additional power and he later invents winglets, which increase to fit drag ratio of transport airplanes and other vehicles.

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In 1963 the prototype Learjet 23 makes its first flight on October 7th the first small jet airplane enter mass production with more than 100 sold by the end of 1965.

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In 1969 the Boeing 747 the Boeing conducts the first flight of a wide body, turbofan powered commercial airline, the 747, and one of the most successful aircraft ever produced.

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In 1976 the Concorde SST Introduced into commercial airlines service to Britain and France on January 21st it is the fastest commercial airline. It was able to make a trip from New York to London in 3.5 hours.

semi-big plane

In 1986 the Voyager plane was the first airplane to fly around the world on only one tank of fuel.

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 In 1990 the B-52 had two non-metal wings and was unable to be detected by any regular radar device. 

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In 1995 the 777 was the very first aircraft built with the help of computers and was the largest two engine plane ever built.

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In 1998 NASA and Russia team up to design a flying laboratory plane for making observations the Tu-144LL. Of all the various different planets like mars and Jupiter and Venus and other astral bodies.

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