The Statue of Liberty
By: Michelle Frese and Stephanie Schoppmann
On July 4, 1884, France gave the United States an amazing birthday gift, the Statue of Liberty. The Statue of Liberty was originally called Liberty Enlightening the World. This modern colossus is located in the New York Harbor. Its’ tremendous figure, wearing a flowing robe and a majestic crown, symbolizes global freedom and is known worldwide as Lady Liberty,
She holds a torch high in one hand and a book inscribed July 4, 1776 in the other. On the left at her feet lies a broken chain symbolizing the over throw of tyranny in the new nation. The Statue of Liberty was designed by French sculptor Frederic Bartholdi. After being built in France it had to be taken apart, sent to the United States, and be re-built in the New York Harbor.
Many immigrants who traveled on the Atlantic Ocean expected to see the Statue of Liberty because it was a sign for new hope and a new chapter in their life. Official dedication ceremonies were held on Thursday, October 28th, 1886. The total overall height from the base of the pedestal foundation to the tip of the torch is 305 feet, 6 inches. The height of the statue from her heel to the top of her head is 111 feet, 6 inches.
The face on the Statue of Liberty measures more than 8 feet tall. There are 154 steps from the pedestal to the head of the Statue of Liberty. A tablet held in her left hand measures 23 feet, 7 inches tall and 13 feet, 7 inches wide. The statue has a 35 foot waist line. The Statue of Liberty is made of Copper, which over the years, has oxidized to form a green coating known as a Patina. The face was supposedly modeled after the artist’s mother Poet Emma Lazarus.
There are seven rays on her crown, one for each of the seven continents and seas, each measuring up to 9 feet in length and weighing as much as 150 pounds total. The weight of the Statue of Liberty is 225 tons (450,000 pounds). The Statue of Liberty is open for visitation from 8:30 am to 5:15 pm. There are about 3.2 million people each year that visit the Statue of Liberty.